Oil Terminals, FSO & FPSO

Technology - Construction - Operation - Regulations

Who should attend?

  • This course provides a comprehensive knowledge of the technology and operation of oil terminals in general, and of FSO/FPSO in particular (Floating Storage Off-loading/Floating Production Storage Off-loading).
Public :
  • Managers, engineers, staff, technicians and operators whose activities are related to oil terminals (production, marine maintenance, operation, design, manufacturing, trading, control, regulations…).

Level :Knowledge

Prerequisite :
  • In order to be able to follow this training, trainees are asked to fulfill at least one of the criteria below:
  • either a Bac or equivalent level,
  • or to have a proven professional experience in terminal of at least 6 month.

Course Content

  • OVERVIEW OF OIL TERMINALS - Duration : 0.5 Day

      • Functions of oil terminals: reception, oil processing, storage, export…
      • Different actors of an oil terminal.
      • Crude oil treatment, water treatment…
      • Evaluation of terminal storage capacity, tanker loading planning…
  • ONSHORE STORAGE TANKS - Duration : 0.5 Day

      • Different types of storage tank (fixed roof, floating roof). Selection criteria.
      • Fixed roof tank: shell, roof, bottom, foundation, retention basins and various equipment.
      • Floating roof tank and various equipment.
      • Firefighting facilities: water deluge, foam, gas extinguisher…
      • Safety risks on storage tanks: H2S, dangers of ignition, explosion risk, collapse, static electricity…
      • Incidents and equipment failures on storage tanks.
      • Fire types on storage tanks.

      • Metering and sampling on onshore tank (level, reference temperature scales).
      • Determination of amounts standard issued.
      • Counting dynamic transactional, sampling and calibration. Calculation of standard volume and weight.
      • Maintenance of metering unit and calibration loop and meter calibration.
      • Presentation of oil exported commercial documents.

      • Presentation of the main functions of a FPSO.
      • Anchoring the FSO/FPSO.
      • Technology of floating storage tanks.
      • Storage tanks of crude oil, methanol ballast. Tanks atmosphere control. Inerting system.
      • Procedures for storage tanks entry. Incidents.
      • Safety on-board storage of FSO/FPSO.
  • EXPORT & MARINE OPERATIONS - Duration : 1 Day

      • Tanker approach operations and mooring at: jetty, loading buoy, tandem point…
      • Tanker loading operations, tanker loading planning, preparations before loading, monitoring during the loading operations and procedures after loading.
      • International Ship and Port facility Security (ISPS) code: principle, actors, responsibilities, practical difficulties.
      • Mooring crew operations.
      • Safety Port Regulations. Pilot activities.
      • Commercial contracts, demurrage, commercial claims.

      • Ships transport of crude oil (tankers): different sizes of vessels, equipment related to the handling of products (cargo circuit, pump room), ballasting and deballasting, inert gas generation, tank washing.
      • Different modes of loading tankers: jetty, tandem and buoy. Advantages/drawbacks.
      • Safety checklist (IMO).
      • Description of tandem loading point and loading buoy.

Learning Objectives

  • Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:
  • Review all loading/unloading operations on oil terminals, FSO’s and FPSO’s,
  • Understand technical characteristics of onshore or floating storage facilities,
  • Understand metering and sampling techniques used to measure volume of marketed oil,
  • Grasp technology of oil tanker loading facilities (jetty, loading buoy, tandem point…),
  • Learn about mooring crew activities, pilotage, port regulations, assess oil terminals HSE hazards and operational constraints.

Ways & Means

  • Highly interactive training by industry specialist lecturers.
  • Several applications and illustrations.

Learning assessment

  • Assessment by test at the end of the course.


Coordinator :IFP Training trainer (permanent or contracted) having a good expertise and/or experience of the related topics, trained to adult teaching methods, and whose competencies are kept up-to-date.

To French entities : IFP Training is referenced to DataDock ; you may contact your OPCO about potential funding. Please contact our disabled persons referent to check the accessibility of this training program : referent.handicap@ifptraining.com