Thermal Equipment

Technology & Operation

EMT/THERMEQ

Who should attend?

  • This course provides in-depth knowledge of heat exchangers, furnaces and boilers installed in the Oil & Gas industry.
Audience :
  • Engineers, technical staff and supervisors involved in the technology and operation of thermal equipment.

Level : Foundation

Course Content

  • THERMAL EQUIPMENT & HEAT TRANSFER

      • Heat exchange conditions: convection coefficients, resistance caused by the walls and/or fouling. Overall heat transfer coefficient.
      • Heat transfer by radiation: parameters influencing heat transfer, type of fuel burned, tube temperature, fouling consequence.
  • HEAT EXCHANGERS TECHNOLOGY & SELECTION CRITERIA

      • TEMA standard heat exchangers, selection criteria for different types of shell, front ends and rear ends, floating end construction.
      • Tubes: length, diameter and gage, pattern and pitch, tube-to-tube sheet connection.
      • Baffles and support plates: type of transversal baffles, baffles cut, spacing.
      • Thermal performance: fluid flow distribution, geometrical characteristics and technological constraints.
      • Other types of heat exchanger: tubular or plate type, air coolers and condensers. Maintenance and cleaning.
  • HEAT EXCHANGERS PERFORMANCE & MAINTENANCE

      • Heat exchanger performance follow-up: influence of fouling.
      • Inspection of exchanger bundles. Hydraulic pressure test: case of U tube bundle and floating head heat exchangers.
  • FURNACES & BOILERS TECHNOLOGY

      • Different types of furnaces and their features. Operating conditions.
      • Boiler technology and operating conditions.
      • Efficiency of heat recovery: estimation rule. Parameters influencing heater efficiency.
      • Construction of heat exchange areas and refractory materials.
      • Air and flue gas circulation: natural and forced draft.
      • Burner technology: fuel and air supply and mixture. Low NOx and ultra-low NOx burners technology.
  • HEATERS OPERATION

      • On stream operation: monitoring of combustion and heating. Modifying operating conditions.
      • Control system: air/fuel ratio control, process fluid outlet temperature, steam pressure, feed water flow rate control, phenomena disrupting the steam drum level. Safety prescriptions on heaters, process fluid, combustion, fuel circuits.
      • Safe and reliable operation: main recommendations. Start-up and shutdown: preparation, safe ignition procedures.

Learning Objectives

  • Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:
  • describe the technology of thermal equipment,
  • compare operating conditions and implement an optimum, safe and reliable operation of heat exchangers and heaters,
  • implement the main steps of start-up, shutdown and testing procedures.

Ways & Means

  • Study of main components of burners, tube coils and refractory.
  • Actual examples and applications from the refining, petrochemical and chemical industry.
  • Trainee participation is continuously encouraged through the use of case studies selected by the trainees themselves.