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Properties, Formulation, Transfer & Storage of Petroleum Products

Properties, Formulation, Transfer & Storage of Petroleum Products

8 days
MVS/PCTS-E
Sessions
This course is not scheduled.
Who should attend?

Audience

    • Operation staff (field operators, panel operators, supervisors…) in reception, blending of crude or petroleum products, storage or shipping facilities.
    • Anyone involved in petroleum products transfer and storage management.

Level

  • Proficiency
  • This course provides a deeper knowledge of routine operations in refining and petrochemical storage facilities.
Learning Objectives
  • Upon completion of the course participants will be able to:
  • recognize the main characteristics of crude oil, petroleum fractions, blending stocks and finished products,
  • apply the blending and manufacturing rules of finished products,
  • calculate the functioning parameters of transfer by gravity or by pump,
  • recognize the elements of atmospheric storage tanks,
  • identify risks for safety, equipment and accounting in storage operations and develop measures appropriate to control such risks.
Course Content

PROPERTIES OF CRUDE OIL & PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

2.75 days

  • Crude oils: main constituents, properties, initial fractionation into petroleum fractions.
  • Petroleum products:
  • LPG, gasoline, jet fuel, automotive Diesel oil, heating oil, heavy fuel oils, bitumen.
  • Main specifications determined by end use, manufacturing constraints, storage and safety in product handling.
  • Changes in product quality.
  • Bases and alternative fuels: ETBE and RSME.

MANUFACTURING OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

1.25 days

  • Components: manufacturing scheme, simplified process diagrams of refineries and petrochemical units.
  • Finished products formulation:
  • Main rules for blending the bases.
  • Manufacturing finished products: economic aspects (give-away, added profit).
  • Manufacturing additives, blending of bases.
  • On-line optimization manufacturing.

TRANSFER & TRANSPORT OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

1.75 days

  • Transfer by gravity: characteristics of gravity flow.
  • Transfer by pumping:
  • Performance of centrifugal pumps, simplified technology and adaptation to pumping circuits.
  • Operation of centrifugal pumps, start-up, shutdown, installation in series and parallel implementation.
  • Operation and simplified technology of volumetric pumps.
  • Operation of a transfer installation: practical and economic aspects, risks of vaporization, pressure surges, etc.
  • Transfer of crude oil and petroleum products by ship.
  • Application: study of transfer from one tank to another.

STORAGE OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

2.25 days

  • Storage equipment:
  • Pressurized and refrigerated tanks, spheres, cylindrical tanks, cryogenic tanks, cavities, ancillary equipment: safety valves, hydraulic safety valves.
  • Fixed roof tanks: different types, vents, justification and limits of vent valves.
  • Floating screen tanks: special features, justification.
  • Floating roof tanks: different types of roof and seals, supporting legs, rainwater drainage.
  • Protection against fire risks.
  • Tank operation:
  • Operational safety: risks of inflammation, static electricity, pyrophoric substances, emulsions, overflowing, toxic products.
  • Heating. Mixing.
  • Measuring the quantities delivered, stored and shipped: manual and remote gauging, measuring the temperature locally and remotely, volumetric and dynamic meters, manual and automatic sampling.
  • Usual operation of storage tanks including emptying, degassing and making ready for use.
Ways & Means
  • Case studies based on industrial situations: products transfers, products formulations.