Subscribe  |  Login  | 
Production of Base Chemicals & Commodity Polymers

Production of Base Chemicals & Commodity Polymers

5 days
RPC/PETRO-E
Sessions
Dates Location Tuition Register
Oct 21 - 25, 2018 Al Jubail 3,090 €
Online By email
Who should attend?

Audience

    • Professionals, in the oil or petrochemical industry, interested in olefins, aromatics and polymers processes.
    • Specifically for engineers and technical staff who are beginners in this industry, as well as subcontractors, traders, etc.

Level

  • Discovery
  • This course provides a technical information of the main processes used to produce olefins and aromatics along with a comprehensive information on polymers and polymerization processes & technologies available mainly in the polyolefins field.
Learning Objectives
  • Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:
  • list the sources and outlets of olefinic and aromatic compounds,
  • review the manufacturing processes in the petrochemical industry,
  • grasp the principles of polymerization techniques and the main characteristics of manufactured polymers.
Course Content

MAIN INDUSTRIAL OLEFINIC & AROMATIC INTERMEDIARIES

0.25 day

  • Main production processes and main uses of:
  • Olefinic and diolefinic hydrocarbons: ethylene, propylene, butenes, butadiene.
  • Aromatics hydrocarbons: benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes.

STEAM CRACKING & TREATMENT OF THE CUTS PRODUCED

2 days

  • Steamcracking:
  • Implementation of cracking reactions: furnaces, quench systems, primary separation.
  • Yields, operating variables affecting the severity of treatment, influence of the feedstock nature.
  • Compression and purification of the cracked gases:
  • Implementation of compression.
  • H2S and CO2 removal by caustic washing.
  • Gas drying by adsorption.
  • Cooling: propylene and ethylene chilling cycles, cold box.
  • Separation and treatment of steam cracker effluents:
  • Steam cracker effluent separation train, main characteristics & purifications of the cuts: selective hydrogenations of acetylene from the C2 cut, of propyne and propadiene from the C3 cut, removal of carbon monoxide.
  • Treatments of the C4 cut: production of 1,3- butadiene, recovery of isobutene from raffinate, upgrading of 1- butene in raffinate 2…
  • Upgrading of pyrolysis gasoline production of motor fuels, benzene and other aromatics recovery.

PRODUCTION OF AROMATICS

0.5 day

  • Analysis of the catalytic reforming process, implementation of the catalyst, yields, operating variables.
  • Associated processes: hydrodealkylation, isomerization…
  • Treatment of cuts produced in those transformation processes:
  • Aromatics and non-aromatics separation processes: liquid-liquid extraction, extractive distillation.
  • Aromatics separation processes: distillation, adsorption, crystallization, application to paraxylene.
  • Aromatic complex arrangement. Highlighting of the aromatic loop.

CATALYTIC CRACKING FCC

0.5 day

  • Analysis of FCC process: Nature of the feed stock, implementation of the catalyst & principle of reactor & regenerator set.
  • Composition & treatment of cracked gases.
  • Modification of the process for maximization of light cuts C3 & C4 production.

POLYMER TYPES & NATURE

0.25 day

  • Polymer constitution: monomers, macromolecules, building blocks.
  • Various kinds of polymer: fibers, elastomers, plastics.
  • Plastic types: thermoplastics and thermosets.

POLYMER PRODUCTION - ASSOCIATED PROPERTIES

0.5 day

  • Type of reaction & basic characteristics of polymer reactions: polyaddition, polycondensation, heat of reaction, activation mode, etc.
  • Different arrangements of monomer building blocks in polyaddition: atactic, syndiotactic or isotactic polymers; random; block; graft polymers & others.
  • Relationship between end uses implementation and main polymer properties. Impact on properties.
  • Main tests used to get polymer characterization: melt index, viscosity index, etc. Test signification, relationship with polymer structure.
  • Consequences regarding polymer implementation techniques (extrusion, injection, etc.).

POLYMERIZATION IMPLEMENTATION - MAIN COMMODITY PLASTIC PROCESSES

1 day

  • Techniques implemented to produce polymers: solution, bulk emulsion, suspension, gas phase techniques.
  • Advantages and drawbacks of those different techniques consequences on processes implementation.
  • Examples applied to main processes used to manufacture major thermoplastics: polyethylenes (PE), polypropylenes (PP), polystyrenes (PS) and polyvinylchloride (PVC).
  • Flow charts and principles of processes. Some common and average operating conditions.
  • Influence of operating parameters (temperatures, pressures, monomers ratio and proportion of any chemicals involved in the reaction) regarding the quality of polymer obtained.
  • Some pretreatments of polymers outside the reactor before the transformation step.
You might be interested by these trainings
Ways & Means
  • Detailed course material.
  • Pictures of main equipment & samples.