Module 3: Gas Processing & ConditioningPENG/ADV3GB

Who should attend?

  • This course provides a comprehensive understanding of gas treatment processes, operation and troubleshooting.
Audience :
  • Engineers involved in operating or designing gas field processing and conditioning facilities.

Level : Proficiency

Course Content

  • NEED FOR FIELD PROCESSING OF GAS - QUALITY REQUIREMENTS

      • Constituents raising problems for storage, transport or end use of natural gas.
      • Different specifications and quality requirements for natural gas.
      • Necessary treatments to conform these specifications.
      • Examples of compositions of commercialized natural gases.
  • GAS DEHYDRATION (drying) & HYDRATE FORMATION INHIBITION

      • System behavior. Moisture content of a saturated gas:
      • Applications: moisture content of different gases of various compositions.
      • Hydrate formation inhibition by injection of inhibitors: MeOH, MEG, DEG, LDHI…
      • Gas dehydration processes: TEG units, molecular sieves…
      • Application: summary design of TEG unit.
      • PRO/II™ simulation: simulation of TEG unit.
  • GAS SWEETENING: REMOVAL OF ACID COMPONENTS (H2S and/or CO2)

      • Overview of the techniques dedicated to gas sweetening:
      • Chemical solvent processes. Amine units (MEA, DEA, DGA, MDEA…).
      • Physical solvent processes.
      • Hybrid (physico-chemical) solvent processes.
      • Overview of other techniques.
      • Conversion of H2S: sulfur production (CLAUS process) and tail gas processing.
      • Application: summary design of an amine unit.
  • NATURAL GAS LIQUIDS (NGL) EXTRACTION (removal of heavy components)

      • External refrigeration loop.
      • Joule-Thomson expansion.
      • Turbo-expander.
      • Application: calculation of cryogenic loop used for extraction.
      • PRO/II™ simulation: simulation of NGL extraction unit - Process selection.
  • CASE STUDY: SIMULATION OF A WHOLE NATURAL GAS FIELD PROCESSING PLANT

      • Study of a natural gas dehydration, NGL extraction and compression unit.
      • Optimization of the operating parameters.
      • Analysis of hydrate formation risks.
  • LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG)

      • Liquefaction processes: operating principle, typical operating conditions, technology of specific equipment (plate fin heat exchangers, spiral-wound heat exchanges, refrigeration loop compressors…), power consumption…
      • LNG storage and transport: storage tanks, LNG carriers, jetty, loading arms…
      • Safety considerations specific to natural gas liquefaction plants.
      • Industrial examples of natural gas liquefaction units.

Learning Objectives

  • Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:
  • assess various problems induced by unwanted elements in natural gas streams,
  • master gas treatment and liquefaction processes, operations and related operating conditions,
  • perform hand calculations for summary design of main gas processing equipment,
  • ascertain main operating problems encountered in gas processing, conditioning and related solutions,
  • simulate natural gas treatment processes using the PRO/II™ software.

Ways & Means

  • Highly interactive training by industry-specialist lecturers.
  • Numerous applications and illustrations.
  • Extensive practice of PRO/II™ process simulation software.