Hydrogen Production Unit


Who should attend?

  • This course provides a deeper understanding of the operating and monitoring of steam reformers.
Public :
  • Engineers, supervisors and staff interested or involved in the operation of a SMR unit.

Level :Skilled

Prerequisite :
  • The trainee is required to fulfill at least one of the following criteria:
  • to have at least 1 year of proven experience in a technical position in a refinery,
  • or to be in the process of being moved to a position in operation,
  • or to have followed a training course orientated to introduction to the refining.

Course Content


      • Main hydrogen manufacturing processes.
      • Objective of the successive steps: desulfurization, steam reforming, CO shift, hydrogen purification.
      • Process flow scheme.
      • Material balance, conversion, yields at various steps.
      • Feedstock and product quality: natural gas, demineralized water, hydrogen quality.
      • Operating conditions and control loops.
      • Characteristics of the chemical reactions involved: thermodynamic and kinetic aspects, their consequences on the operation, side reactions and optimum operating conditions to limit their evolution.
      • Role and mechanism of a catalyst: chemical and physical characteristics, effect of poisoning and ageing.
      • Influence of operating conditions on hydrogen production and on downstream steps.
      • Hydrogen purification:
      • Adsorption (PSA) and methanation: comparison of performances.
      • Influence of operating parameters on hydrogen purity, CO2 absorption and amine regeneration.
      • PSA unit characteristics and operation.

      • Different types of furnaces: technology, furnace efficiency, operating parameters, control and safety loops.
      • Catalyst loading procedure.
      • Behavior of the tube bundle. Mechanical and thermal stress.
      • Routine operation and main operating constraints.

      • Water preparation: drawbacks arising from impurities in water, water quality measurement, characteristics of feed water, thermal degassing, chemical conditioning of water.

      • Key operating parameters and overall process optimization, interactions between process steps, catalyst cycles management.
      • Principles of start-up procedure: preparation, ignition, temperature build-up, feed in.
      • Disturbances: modification of the steam/HC ratio, decrease of feed flowrate, change in feed composition.
      • Incidents: pretreatment reactor runaway, tube rupture in the furnace, absorption section bypassing.

Learning Objectives

  • Upon completion of the course, the participants will be able to:
  • analyze the impact of operating parameters on the HPU efficiency through an analysis of the catalyst's performance,
  • know about the effect of various control parameters,
  • operate a steam reformer with proper safety measures.

Ways & Means

  • The content of this course can be adapted to the customer's needs. The pedagogy is focused on the units concerned, under cover of a secrecy agreement if necessary.
  • Case studies handled in groups, based on typical situations of the sections studied.
  • Possible contribution of experienced staff reporting his industrial experience of the operation on a daily basis.
To French entities : IFP Training is referenced to DataDock ; you may contact your OPCO about potential funding.
Please contact our disabled persons referent to check the accessibility of this training program : referent.handicap@ifptraining.com