Field Processing & Surface Production Facilities

Effluent treatment & equipment technology

PROP/FPSPF

Who should attend?

  • This course provides a comprehensive understanding of onshore and offshore Oil & Gas field processing techniques, along with knowledge of technology and operating principles of surface production facilities equipment.
Audience :
  • Engineers and technicians interested in onshore and offshore Oil & Gas field processing technology and equipment.

Level : Foundation

Course Content

  • WELL EFFLUENTS BEHAVIOR

      • Different types of well effluent. Main characterization parameters. Liquid/vapor equilibrium of pure substances and mixtures. Effluent behavior. Constituents that pose problems for storage, transport or commercialization. Main specifications to conform with and required treatments.
  • FUNDAMENTALS OF RESERVOIR & DRIVE MECHANISM

      • Reservoirs: types, exploration techniques. Drive mechanisms. Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR): aim and principle of the main techniques.
  • FUNDAMENTALS OF DRILLING, COMPLETION & WELL PERFORMANCE

      • Drilling principle. Case of offshore drilling. Main completion equipment. Well performance. Needs for artificial lift: principle of artificial lift by pumping, gas-lift…
  • WELL EFFLUENT TRANSPORTATION, FLOW-ASSURANCE & GAS HYDRATES PREVENTION

      • Gathering network design and operation: main flow assurance issues; multiphase flow, flow patterns; hydrates formation prevention strategies, hydrates inhibition.
      • Case studies: gas condensate field development; deep-offshore production.
  • CRUDE OIL PROCESSING

      • Crude stabilization by Multi Stage Separation (MSS). Management of foam issues. Crude dehydration and desalting. Emulsion treatment.
      • Crude sweetening (H2S removal).
      • Examples of oil treatment and associated gas compression process schemes.
  • PRODUCTION & INJECTION WATER TREATMENT

      • Quality requirements for production water. Environment related constraints.
      • Main produced water treatments: API oil-water separators, plate separators, flotators, hydrocyclones…
      • Reasons for water injection.
      • Quality requirements and necessary treatments: chlorination, filtration, oxygen removal, sulfate removal.
      • Examples of process schemes for production and injection water treatment.
  • GAS PROCESSING & CONDITIONING

      • Gas dehydration: TEG units, solid desiccants (molecular sieves) units. Gas sweetening. Acid components (H2S and CO2) removal: amine units, molecular sieves, membranes. Natural Gas Liquids (NGL) extraction: use of cryogenic refrigeration, Joule-Thompson expansion, turbo-expander.
  • LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS

      • Fundamentals of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) chain.
  • CASE OF OFFSHORE DEVELOPMENTS

      • Offshore production structures: jacket, semi-submersible, spar, TLP, FPSO… Storage and offloading vessels (FSO, FPSO, FPU, buoy…). Deep offshore developments. Examples of subsea architecture. Flow assurance in (deep) offshore developments. Main preservation techniques and pigging solutions.
  • ROTATING MACHINERY

      • Fundamentals of pumping circuits and gas compression. Operating principles, technology, selection criteria, performances and operating conditions of centrifugal & volumetric pumps and centrifugal & reciprocating compressors. Gas turbines. Turbo-expanders.
  • THERMAL EQUIPMENT

      • Heat exchangers, air coolers, furnaces: types, operation, technology.
  • FUNDAMENTALS OF CORROSION

      • Different types of corrosion, prevention and monitoring.
  • ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS - INSTRUMENTATION & PROCESS CONTROL - SAFETY SYSTEMS

      • Electrical power generation. Electrical power distribution network and equipment. Field instrumentation; controllers; control loop structures. Distributed Control System (DCS). Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS): ESD, HIPS, fire and gas system.
  • METERING & ALLOCATION

      • Importance of metering and production allocation. Production accounting & material balance. Introduction to material balances: liquid and gas balances. Transactional metering of liquids and gas. Multi-phase metering: advantage, principle and fields of application.

Learning Objectives

  • Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:
  • grasp fundamentals of Oil & Gas production techniques,
  • explain operating principles and conditions of oil, water and gas treatment,
  • detail the technology of main equipment and specifities of offshore production techniques,
  • ascertain fundamentals of process control, draw a typical safety system layout,
  • explain main metering techniques, corrosion issues, its prevention and monitoring.

Ways & Means

  • Very interactive training by industry specialists.
  • Numerous applications and illustrations.