E&I Technology for Oil & Gas Facilities

E&I/E&I1GB

Who should attend?

  • This course provides the knowledge of the hardware and construction standards of electrical equipment used in the Oil & Gas industry (generation and distribution of electrical energy) and instrumentation materials used in control and safety instrumented systems.
Audience :
  • Engineers and technicians working on electrical and instrumented installations, equipment used in the Oil & Gas industry, for the purpose of operation, maintenance, inspection, project, file instruction.

Level : Foundation

Course Content

  • ELECTROTECHNIC PREREQUISITES

      • Generalities:
      • Origin of electricity, electrical energy production, alternate and direct currents, the electrical circuits.
      • Main magnitudes and formulas on electricity and magnetism:
      • Voltage, intensity, frequency, energy, power, Ohm’s, Joule’s and Laplace’s laws.
      • Standards, symbols, diagrams:
      • SI units, symbols and drawings.
      • Different types of electrical drawings, how to interpret/read a basic electrical drawing.
  • ELECTRICAL GENERATION

      • Alternator: constitution, operation, control of the voltage and frequency produced, protections.
      • Coupling of sources and throughput on structured networks.
      • Equipment monitoring and maintenance.
  • ELECTRICAL NETWORKS

      • Electrical networks:
      • Constitution and constituents of an HV and LV network, architectures and equipment.
      • Distribution philosophy: power distribution, network stability, selectivity, source redundancy and power supply.
      • Constituents:
      • HV & LV boards and cabinets.
      • Transformers: types, main parameters, protections, auxiliaries.
      • Breakers, control elements and isolation.
      • UPS: inverters/battery chargers.
      • Batteries: battery types, charging modes.
      • Protections: types of electrical protection, specialized relays.
  • ASYNCHRONOUS MOTORS

      • Constitution and operation of three-phases AC electric motors:
      • Constitution and technology of AC, induction three-phases motors (asynchronous motors).
      • Windings coupling, adjustment to site conditions.
      • Routine monitoring.
      • Troubleshooting.
      • Electric motor-related equipment:
      • Starting systems.
      • Variable speed systems: principle, functioning, constitution.
      • Maintenance.
  • PROTECTION AGAINST THE ELECTRICAL RISKS

      • Electrical risks (as per the UTE C 18-510):
      • Hazards in the electrical installations.
      • Effects and consequences of the electrical risks.
      • Protection against the electrical risks: concept and protection classes.
  • HAZARDOUS AREAS & ATEX STANDARDS

      • ATEX specifications and standards:
      • Current standards: concept and philosophy.
      • Protection and identification of the material set in hazardous area.
      • Impact for the organization (certification, accreditation, operating and maintenance guidance).
  • INSTRUMENTATION

      • Functional study, functional blocks, symbolization.
      • Pneumatic, electrical and digital technologies.
      • Power and pneumatic power supply, signal transmission and conversion.
  • MEASURING ELEMENT - SENSORS

      • Operating parameters measurement (temperatures, pressures, flowrates, levels). Measurement uncertainties.
      • Physical principles, technologies, units of measurement, local reading/transmission.
      • End position sensors, position sensor.
      • Security equipment: temperature security devices, pressure, flow, level…
  • ACTUATORS - CONTROL VALVES

      • Control valves: technology, types of valves, characteristic curves, safety position.
      • Positioners: principle of operation, types (pneumatic, electro pneumatic…).
      • Special technologies: single or double seat valves, cage valve, “Camflex”, three-way valve…
      • Contactors: position sensors, solenoid valves for safety…
      • ON/OFF valves: different types, single or double actuator. Special ON/OFF valves: SDV, ESDV, BDV.
  • CONTROLLER - CONTROL STRUCTURE

      • Purpose, principle of operation, direct or inverse action, operating procedures.
      • Behavior of a P&ID regulator: operating point, gain, interactions, proportional, integral and derivative characteristics of a controller.
      • Control (fixed setpoint), servo control (variable setpoint).
      • Control loops: simple, cascade and split-range.
  • DISTRIBUTED CONTROL SYSTEM

      • Processing philosophy, workstation, terminology-glossary.
      • Architecture:
      • Functional organization, hardware architecture.
      • Safety/redundancy.
      • Connection (sensors, actuators, networks, PLCs, others).
  • SAFETY INSTRUMENTED SYSTEMS (SIS)

      • Safety loops, safety functions.
      • High Integrity Protection Systems (HIPS), Emergency ShutDown (ESD), Emergency DePressurization (EDP).
      • Fire & Gas System.

Learning Objectives

  • Upon completion of the training, participants will be able to:
  • identify electrical and instrumentation equipment used in Oil & Gas,
  • develop expertise to optimize the operation and deem the performance of electrical equipment and networks,
  • acquire the technological knowledge necessary to understand and analyze the control and safety processes,
  • be familiarized with instrumentation equipment, digital control systems and programmable logic controllers.

Ways & Means

  • Interactive animation by specialists from the Oil & Gas and the energy fields.
  • Numerous applications and illustrations.