# Pipeline Hydraulics & Multiphase Flow

Simulation using OLGA™ & Multiflash™
HYDR-EN-P

## Who should attend?

• This course provides a practical understanding of pipeline hydraulics, flow simulation and pipe friction loss calculations.
Public :
• Engineers involved in designing, constructing or operating Oil & Gas production facilities.

Level :Skilled

Prerequisite :
• 2 months of experience with process simulation.

## Course Content

• ### FUNDAMENTALS OF FLUID MECHANICS FRICTION LOSSES IN SINGLE-PHASE FLOW - Duration : 1.5 Days

• Total energy of a fluid. Bernoulli law.
• Real fluid flow: viscosity, friction coefficient.
• Flow regimes: laminar and turbulent (eddy) flows. Reynolds number.
• Calculation of friction loss through pipes: Moody chart, AFTP charts (Lefevre).
• Calculation of friction loss through fittings:
• Method 1: resistance coefficient.
• Method 2: equivalent straight pipe length.
• Case of compressible fluids (gas) - Main empirical equations.
• Several exercises.
• ### MULTIPHASE FLOW IN OIL & GAS PRODUCTION - Duration : 0.5 Day

• Incentives and stakes.
• Definition of multiphase flow.
• Main terminology.
• Basic understanding of different modeling approaches.
• Historical methods to study steady-state two-phase flow.
• Example of multiphase dynamic flow simulator OLGA™.
• Future with multiphase flow modeling.
• ### FLOW ASSURANCE - Duration : 1 Day

• Main flow assurance issues.
• Flow stability: flow pattern (horizontal and vertical); slugging.
• Erosion constraints, wax, hydrates.
• Heat transfer: main heat transfer phenomenon, OHTC, cold spot issue.
• Fluid modeling (example with Multiflash™).
• Phase envelope, hydrate dissociation curve, emulsion, viscosity.
• ### WELL GAS STREAMS - Duration : 1 Day

• Natural gas field development:
• “Dry” scheme versus “Wet” scheme.
• Main flow assurance issues (hydrates, TLC, surge liquid volume handling).
• “Wet” scheme simulations.
• Operating envelope.
• Geometry impacts.
• Example of slug-catcher design.
• ### CRUDE OIL STREAMS - Duration : 1 Day

• Crude oil field development:
• Deep water constraints.
• Typical field preservation.
• Classical loops versus alternative development architectures.
• Subsea processing.
• Crude oil stream:
• Severe slugging.
• Hydrodynamic slug flow. Slug-catcher design.
• Thermal constraints during production/transient (cool down).

## Learning Objectives

• Attendees will be able to implement the following skills:
• Assess friction losses in a pipeline and fittings for a single-phase flow,
• Understand multiphase flow patterns and main perturbing factors,
• Grasp multiphase flow hydrodynamics for wet gas streams and crude oil streams,
• Understand operational constraints of single and multiphase flow lines,
• Deal with pipeline flow assurance issues, simulate a pipeline using the software program OLGA™.

## Ways & Means

• Highly interactive training by industry-specialist lecturers.
• Several applications and illustrations.
• Use of simulation software programs OLGA™ and Multiflash™.

## Learning assessment

• Assessment by test at the end of the course.

## More

Coordinator :IFP Training trainer (permanent or contracted) having a good expertise and/or experience of the related topics, trained to adult teaching methods, and whose competencies are kept up-to-date.

To French entities : IFP Training is referenced to DataDock ; you may contact your OPCO about potential funding. Please contact our disabled persons referent to check the accessibility of this training program : referent.handicap@ifptraining.com