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Storage of Petroleum Products: Storage Equipment & Tank Operation

Storage of Petroleum Products: Storage Equipment & Tank Operation

5 days
MVS/DEPOTS-E
Sessions
This course is not scheduled.
Who should attend?

Audience

    • Staff involved in operations of oil storage depots.

Level

  • Proficiency
  • This course aims to meet the needs for safe operations of oil storage depots.
Learning Objectives
  • Upon completion of the course, the participants will be able to:
  • master the operations of loading, storage and unloading facilities,
  • identify the hazards and risks of these operations,
  • adopt the right behavior to mitigate the risks.
Course Content

PROPERTIES OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS MANAGED IN OIL DEPOTS

0.5 day

  • Detailed breakdown of petroleum products.
  • Properties related to their safe storage and handling.
  • Product specifications and blending consequences.
  • Exercise: cross contaminations.

STORAGE OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

1 day

  • Various types of storage tanks (fixed roof, floating roof, floating screen) and operating facilities.
  • Heating and mixing systems.
  • Safety equipment (level switches…), firefighting facilities (sprinklers, foam…).
  • Safe operation.
  • Measurement equipment: gauging well, level, temperature, sampling.

MEASUREMENT OF QUANTITIES: RECEIVED, STORED, DELIVERED

0.75 day

  • Static measurement: level, temperature, density, volume.
  • Dynamic measurement: working conditions, sensors (flowmeter, density meter, viscosity meter, pressure meter).
  • Metrology aspect: calibration methods.
  • Operating product losses: evaporation, overflow, leaks…
  • Origin and consequences of errors of measurement.
  • Mass balance.
  • Case study: unloading kerosene from a ship to a fixed roof tank.

LOADING UNLOADING OPERATIONS

1.75 days

  • Equipment in connection with loading and unloading facilities. Corresponding safe operating conditions.
  • Marine bulk loading/unloading:
  • Loading station layout: various types of arms and adaptation to operating conditions, balancing, manual and hydraulic control, grounding.
  • Loading arms and safety accessories: quick coupling, movement detection, breakaway coupling, drainage systems.
  • Fixed firefighting equipment on board, on shore, safety checklist.
  • Rail and road bulk loading/unloading:
  • Safety and operating equipment on tank trucks and rail cars: breathing valves, Gestra type valves, hydraulic valves, and high level switch.
  • Truck and rail car loading stations: loading arms (top, bottom), quantity measurement and control systems.
  • Safety equipment: vacuum breaker, dead man valve, overflow protection, bonding.
  • Procedures.

PRODUCT HAZARDS & OPERATING PREVENTIVE MEASURES

1 day

  • Flammability:
  • Flammable products handling - Presence of ignition sources, oxygen and other oxidizers. Operating guidelines.
  • Product hazards for the human being:
  • Risks identification.
  • Main forms of intoxication. Mechanisms of body poisoning and effects on the metabolism.
  • Prevention. Personal and collective protection.
  • Product hazards for the environment:
  • Potential polluting sources from the storage depots, preventive actions.
  • Liquid products hazards:
  • Thermal expansion, storage under vacuum, water hammer. Operating guidelines.
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Ways & Means
  • Case studies based on industrial situations.