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Reciprocating Compressors

Reciprocating Compressors

5 days
MTE/EECV-E
Sessions
This course is not scheduled.
Who should attend?

Audience

    • Engineers and technical staff involved in the operation, inspection and maintenance of reciprocating compressors.

Level

  • Proficiency
  • This training improves participants’ skills on technology, operation & maintenance of reciprocating compressors.
Learning Objectives
  • Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:
  • list the different parts of a compressor and explain their characteristics,
  • explain the evolution of compressor operating parameters,
  • implement appropriate monitoring for each type of compressor,
  • be involved in troubleshooting activities.
Course Content

TECHNOLOGY

1.5 days

  • Construction and design philosophies.
  • Components of reciprocating compressors: frame, cylinders, piston and rings, piston rod and crank head, crankshaft and connecting rods, bearings, compartment distance piece, specific emphasis on valves.
  • Auxiliary systems: pulsation dampeners, frame lube oil circuit, cooling systems, forced feed lubricator.
  • Safety devices.

PERFORMANCES

1 day

  • Ideal gas compression: discharge temperature, power.
  • Actual compression: valve behavior, leakages, internal thermal exchanges.
  • Indicator diagram.
  • Efficiency, compression power.
  • Case studies: discharge temperature and power calculation, indicator card plotting, efficiency calculation.

COMPRESSOR PROCESS OPERATION

0.5 day

  • Start-up, shutdown. Performances control.
  • Influence of compression ratio, gas composition & suction temperature.
  • Multistage compressors.
  • Case study: air compression.

MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING

1 day

  • Machine monitoring: noise, vibration & temperature.
  • Typical defects and failures on: valves, piston rings and packings, piston rod, etc.
  • Dismantling and assembly procedures and reports.
  • Safety devices & prevention.
  • Case studies: typical failures on reciprocating compressors.

DYNAMIC SIMULATION (IndissPlus by RSI) - APPLICATIONS

1 day

  • Use of a dynamic process simulator.
  • Exercises on start-up & shutdown phases.
  • Applications using disturbances generated by the lecturer.
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Ways & Means
  • Actual examples from the Oil & Gas and petrochemical industries.
  • Trainee participation is continuously encouraged through case studies selected by the lecturer or proposed by the trainees.
  • Using a dynamic process simulator to illustrate phases of start-up, shutdown, including some generated disturbances.