Production of Synthetic Elastomers

PCH/ELAST-E

Who should attend?

  • This course provides technical information of the polymerization and main processes used to produce synthetic elastomers: SBR, BR, IR, NR, IIR, CR…
Audience :
  • Professionals in the oil or petrochemical industry interested in polymers and elastomers processes.
  • Specifically for fresh engineers and technical staff, as well as subcontractors, service providers…

Level : Proficiency

Course Content

  • POLYMER TYPES & NATURE - MAIN ELASTOMERS

      • Polymer constitution: monomers, macromolecules, building blocks.
      • Various kinds of polymer: fibers, elastomers, plastics.
      • Main elastomers: styrene-butadiene-styrene, polybutadiene, polyisoprene, nitrile rubber, butyl rubber, chloroprene rubber…
      • Relative economic status of different categories of elastomers.
  • POLYMERIZATION OF ELASTOMERS - RELATED PROPERTIES

      • Type of reaction and basic characteristics of polymer reactions: polyaddition, polycondensation, heat of reaction, activation mode, catalytic systems, etc.
      • Different arrangements of monomer building blocks in polyaddition: atactic, syndiotactic or isotactic polymers; random, alternated, block, grafted polymers and others.
      • Influence of monomer arrangements on the properties of elastomers.
      • Relationship between end uses and main elastomer properties. Impact of glass transition temperature.
      • Main tests used to get elastomer characterization: solution viscosity, Mooney viscosity, gel permeation chromatography, tensile test.
      • Shore hardness, relaxation test, etc.
      • Test signification, relationship with polymer structure.
      • Consequences regarding the elastomer processing techniques (formulation, vulcanization, extrusion, injection, etc.).
  • INDUSTRIAL IMPLEMENTATION OF POLYMERIZATION - MAIN ELASTOMERS PROCESSES

      • Techniques implemented to produce polymers: solution, bulk, emulsion, suspension, gas phase techniques.
      • Advantages and drawbacks of those different techniques, consequences on industrial implementation of the processes.
      • Examples applied to main processes used to manufacture major synthetic elastomers, continuous and batch processes.
      • Flow charts and principles of processes. Typical operating conditions.
      • Influence of operating parameters (temperatures, pressures, monomers ratio and proportion of any chemicals involved in the reaction) regarding the quality control of the elastomer.

Learning Objectives

  • Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:
  • grasp the main principles of polymerization techniques and the key characteristics of manufactured elastomers,
  • review the manufacturing processes in the elastomers industry,
  • identify the various techniques of elastomers processing, their main end uses and related market share.

Ways & Means

  • Detailed course material.
  • Pictures/videos of main equipment and samples.