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Production of Synthetic Elastomers

Production of Synthetic Elastomers

3 days
PCH/ELAST-E
Sessions
This course is not scheduled.
Who should attend?

Audience

    • Professionals, in the oil or petrochemical industry, interested in polymers and elastomers processes.
    • Specifically for engineers and technical staff who are beginners in this industry, as well as subcontractors, service providers, etc.

Level

  • Proficiency
  • This course provides technical information of the polymerization and main processes used to produce synthetic elastomers: SBR, BR, IR, NR, IIR, CR…
Learning Objectives
  • Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:
  • grasp the main principles of polymerization techniques and the key characteristics of manufactured elastomers,
  • review the manufacturing processes in the elastomers industry,
  • identify the various techniques of elastomers processing, their main end uses and related market share.
Course Content

POLYMER TYPES & NATURE - MAIN ELASTOMERS

0.5 day

  • Polymer constitution: monomers, macromolecules, building blocks.
  • Various kinds of polymer: fibers, elastomers, plastics.
  • Main elastomers: styrene-butadiene-styrene, polybutadiene, polyisoprene, nitrile rubber, butyl rubber, chloroprene rubber…
  • Relative economic status of different categories of elastomers.

POLYMERIZATION OF ELASTOMERS - RELATED PROPERTIES

1 day

  • Type of reaction & basic characteristics of polymer reactions: polyaddition, polycondensation, heat of reaction, activation mode, catalytic systems, etc.
  • Different arrangements of monomer building blocks in polyaddition: atactic, syndiotactic or isotactic polymers; random, alternated, block, grafted polymers & others.
  • Influence of monomer arrangements on the properties of elastomers.
  • Relationship between end uses and main elastomer properties. Impact of glass transition temperature.
  • Main tests used to get elastomer characterization: solution viscosity, mooney viscosity, gel permeation chromatography, tensile test.
  • Shore hardness, relaxation test, etc.
  • Test signification, relationship with polymer structure.
  • Consequences regarding the elastomer processing techniques (formulation, vulcanization, extrusion, injection, etc).

INDUSTRIAL IMPLEMENTATION OF POLYMERIZATION - MAIN ELASTOMERS PROCESSES

1.5 days

  • Techniques implemented to produce polymers: solution, bulk, emulsion, suspension, gas phase techniques.
  • Advantages and drawbacks of those different techniques, consequences on industrial implementation of the processes.
  • Examples applied to main processes used to manufacture major synthetic elastomers, continuous and batch processes.
  • Flow charts and principles of processes. Typical operating conditions.
  • Influence of operating parameters (temperatures, pressures, monomers ratio and proportion of any chemicals involved in the reaction) regarding the quality control of the elastomer.
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Ways & Means
  • Detailed course material.
  • Pictures/videos of main equipment & samples.