Pipeline Hydraulics & Multiphase FlowSPRO/HYDRGB

Who should attend?

  • This course provides a practical understanding of pipeline hydraulics, flow simulation and pipe friction loss calculations.
Audience :
  • Engineers involved in designing, constructing or operating Oil & Gas production facilities.

Level : Proficiency

Course Content

  • FUNDAMENTALS OF FLUID MECHANICS FRICTION LOSSES IN SINGLE-PHASE FLOW

      • Total energy of a fluid. Bernoulli law.
      • Real fluid flow: viscosity, friction coefficient.
      • Flow regimes: laminar and turbulent (eddy) flows. Reynolds number.
      • Calculation of friction loss through pipes: Moody chart, AFTP charts (Lefevre).
      • Calculation of friction loss through fittings:
      • Method 1: resistance coefficient.
      • Method 2: equivalent straight pipe length.
      • Case of compressible fluids (gas) - Main empirical equations.
      • Several exercises.
  • MULTIPHASE FLOW IN OIL & GAS PRODUCTION

      • Incentives and stakes.
      • Definition of multiphase flow.
      • Main terminology.
      • Basic understanding of different modeling approaches.
      • Historical methods to study steady-state two-phase flow.
      • Example of multiphase dynamic flow simulator OLGA™.
      • Future with multiphase flow modeling.
  • FLOW ASSURANCE

      • Main flow assurance issues.
      • Flow stability: flow pattern (horizontal and vertical); slugging.
      • Erosion constraints, wax, hydrates.
      • Heat transfer: main heat transfer phenomenon, OHTC, cold spot issue.
      • Fluid modeling (example with Multiflash™).
      • Phase envelope, hydrate dissociation curve, emulsion, viscosity.
  • WELL GAS STREAMS

      • Natural gas field development:
      • “Dry” scheme versus “Wet” scheme.
      • Main flow assurance issues (hydrates, TLC, surge liquid volume handling).
      • “Wet” scheme simulations.
      • Operating envelope.
      • Geometry impacts.
      • Example of slug-catcher design.
  • CRUDE OIL STREAMS

      • Crude oil field development:
      • Deep water constraints.
      • Typical field preservation.
      • Classical loops versus alternative development architectures.
      • Subsea processing.
      • Crude oil stream:
      • Severe slugging.
      • Hydrodynamic slug flow. Slug-catcher design.
      • Thermal constraints during production/transient (cool down).

Learning Objectives

  • Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:
  • assess friction losses in a pipeline and fittings for a single-phase flow,
  • understand multiphase flow patterns and main perturbing factors,
  • grasp multiphase flow hydrodynamics for wet gas streams and crude oil streams,
  • understand operational constraints of single and multiphase flow lines,
  • deal with pipeline flow assurance issues, simulate a pipeline using the software program OLGA™.

Ways & Means

  • Highly interactive training by industry-specialist lecturers.
  • Several applications and illustrations.
  • Use of simulation software programs OLGA™ and Multiflash™.