New Fuels & their Impact on IC Engines & Turbine Operation

MOT/BIOMOT-E

Who should attend?

  • This course provides a deeper knowledge on issues raised by the use of the new fuels planned for the near or further future: biofuels, gaseous fuels, synthetic fuels, alternative jet fuels.
Audience :
  • Engineers and technical staff involved in motor fuel quality management in relation to engine technologies.

Level : Foundation

Course Content

  • Fuels structure & main properties

      • Groups of hydrocarbons, alcohols, ethers, fatty acid esters.
      • Fuels required properties for engine operation
      • Heat value, specific energy.
      • Volatility: vapor pressure, distillation.
      • Combustion: octane rating and cetane rating.
      • Cold flow properties: cloud point, CFPP, pour point.
      • Lubricating properties.
      • Viscosity.
      • Sulfur content.
      • Stability, corrosion.
      • Gasoline and Diesel fuel structures from oil bases. Specifications.
  • Synthetic fuels: GTL, BTL, CTL

      • Processes to get such fuels.
      • Economic and environmental impacts.
  • Biofuels

      • Situation and stakes
      • Biofuels policies in the world: Brazil, United States and Europe situations.
      • Biofuels production chains, well-to-wheel ecobalance, available resources.
      • Spark Ignited engine biofuels
      • Production chains.
      • Ethanol and ETBE characteristics.
      • Potential and difficulties linked to the use of gasoline-alcohol mixtures: octane rating, latent heat of evaporation, water tolerance, volatility, corrosion, pollutant emissions, lubrication.
      • Flex-fuel engines: difficulties linked to the use of ethanol high rated fuels, technical solutions.
      • Second generation ethanol.
      • Biofuels for Diesel engines
      • Use of direct vegetable oils (DVO) on Diesel engines: principles and limits. Fatty acid esters characteristics and impacts on the engine operating: solubility, “sulfur free”, lubricating properties, emissions, washing power, dilution, cetane rating, cold engine behavior, heating value.
      • Storage stability, oxidation stability.
      • "Biohydrocarbons” (hydrotreated oils): production modes, characteristics.
      • Biofuels for aeronautic turbine
      • Certification, fit-for-purpose tests, drop-in fuel.
      • Main certified (or in certification process) production ways: DVO hydrotreatment, synthetic biofuels, biological processes.
      • Impact on logistics, aeroplanes and aeronautic turbines.
  • Other alternative fuels

      • Synthesis alternative fuels: GTL, BTL, Methanol (production processes).
      • Economical and environment impact.
  • Gaseous fuels: GPL-C, NGV (Natural Gas Vehicle), DME, hydrogen

      • Origins and resources of these fuels.
  • Impact of new fuels on ic engines & turbines operation

      • Impact of partial or full use of new fuels on performances, polluting emissions and on-board storage.
      • Case study and adaptation:
      • Road transportation engines: passenger cars and trucks.
      • Industrial and stationary engines.
      • Marine engines.
      • Stationary turbines.
      • Aero turbines.

Learning Objectives

  • Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:
  • understand the economical and environmental context of biofuels developments,
  • describe the processes to obtain such fuels as well as their economic and environmental impact,
  • know the main characteristics of these fuels,
  • understand their impact on IC engines and turbine operation,
  • adapt engines and vehicles adaptations when using these fuels.

Ways & Means

  • Full up-to-date training by a worldwide fuel expert and industry experts.