Module 1: Thermodynamics Applied to Well Effluent ProcessingPENG/ADV1GB

Who should attend?

  • This course provides a thorough understanding of thermodynamics principles underlying operation and design of Oil & Gas processing facilities.
Audience :
  • Engineers involved in operating or designing Oil & Gas field processing facilities.

Level : Proficiency

Course Content

  • WELL EFFLUENT

      • Constitution and physical states of matter.
      • Constituents of well effluents: hydrocarbons, impurities, water, sediments…
      • Different types of effluents: black oil, light oil, volatile oil, condensate gas, dry gas…
      • Characterization parameters: GOR, CGR, BSW, WOR, water cut, Bo, Bg, B'g…
      • Examples of compositions of crude oil and natural gas effluent.
  • LIQUID-VAPOR EQUILIBRIUM OF PURE SUBSTANCES

      • Vapor pressure curves.
      • Overall phase diagram of a pure substance (three dimensions: P, T and V).
      • Enthalpy diagrams of pure substances.
      • Exercises: vapor pressure and boiling points of pure components; vapor pressure and boiling point; case of a column.
      • PRO/II™ simulation: propane cryogenic loop; operating parameters optimization; effect of ambient conditions.
  • LIQUID-VAPOR EQUILIBRIUM OF MIXTURES - MIXTURE SEPARATION PROCESSES

      • Phase envelopes.
      • PRO/II™ simulation: phase envelope of well effluents, sales gas, stabilized crudes.
      • Well effluents behavior from pay zone to surface processing facilities.
      • PRO/II™ simulation: evolution of the effluent behavior in a well.
      • Techniques applied to mixture separation: flash process, distillation process.
      • Absorption and stripping phenomena.
      • PRO/II™ simulation: LPG recovery by physical absorption; mixture separation by distillation (LPG splitter).
  • IDEAL GAS & REAL FLUID BEHAVIOR

      • Ideal gas behavior.
      • Behavior of real fluids: compressibility factor, Amagat's law, law of corresponding state with two and three parameters.
      • Equations Of State (EOS): conception, uses, examples, selection.
  • HEAT TRANSFER, HEAT BALANCE & THERMAL EQUIPMENT

      • Fundamentals of heat transfer.
      • Heat balance.
      • Technology of heat exchangers and air coolers.
      • Examples of thermal equipment applications.

Learning Objectives

  • Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:
  • describe Oil & Gas well effluents composition, properties and characteristics,
  • grasp ideal gas law, real fluid behavior and characterization methods,
  • explain liquid-vapor equilibrium of pure substances and mixtures,
  • master the operating principles and performances of mixture separation processes,
  • perform simulations with PRO/II™ and master the fundamentals of equations of state.

Ways & Means

  • Highly interactive training with industry-specialist lecturers.
  • Numerous applications and illustrations.
  • Extensive practice of PRO/II™ process simulation software.