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Laboratory Safety

Laboratory Safety

3 days
SEC/SECALAB-E
Sessions
This course is not scheduled.
Who should attend?

Audience

    • Technicians working in the control and research laboratories of refineries and chemical plants, and their first-line management. Pilot plant technicians and personnel from safety services.

Level

  • Foundation
  • This course provides an insight on how to improve day-to-day SHE performance in laboratory activities.
Learning Objectives
  • Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:
  • evaluate risks related to day-to-day routine work and to improve their behavior,
  • identify risks related to chemicals, test equipment and the industrial environment,
  • select and apply the most appropriate risk prevention methods,
  • enforce safety commitment at work and off-the-job.
Course Content

PRODUCT HAZARDS

1.25 days

  • Flammability and explosivity:
  • Explosive atmosphere, flammable gases, oxidizers, flash sources.
  • Fire prevention: electrical equipment standards in explosive areas, hazardous area classification, grounding, inerting.
  • Fixed and portable detection equipment. Extinguisher types and uses.
  • Hazardous chemical reactions:
  • Compatibility between chemicals. Thermal decomposition. Precautions for storage, use and disposal.
  • Hazards related to physical properties of fluids:
  • Effects of pressure and vacuum. Pressure vessels. Thermal expansion. Vaporization. Freezing. Filling limits.

HEALTH HAZARDS

0.5 day

  • Health hazards of chemicals: toxic, corrosive, carcinogenous, inert gases, thermal burns.
  • Intoxication: main mechanisms, body penetration, metabolism, elimination routes.
  • Collective and individual prevention and protection methods.
  • Medical surveillance.

LAB EQUIPMENT HAZARDS

0.25 day

  • Equipment acceptable operating limits: pressure, temperature, corrosion, regulatory requirements.
  • Precautions during construction, installation and connection. Pressure-relief systems.
  • Utility networks: check valves, flexible connections, tagging, isolation, flow control.
  • Hazards related to small equipment: grassware, hand tools, rotating equipment.
  • Specific lab equipment hazards: X-fluorescence, chromatography, MNR, laser particle size.
  • Development lab equipment for finished product testing and applications.

LAB BUILDING DESIGN

0.75 day

  • Laboratory classes depending on types of products handled. Ventilation systems. Desks and tables.
  • Rooms for specific purposes: chemical warehouse, gas storage, sample retention, vacuum system, washing.
  • Management of products: storage, labeling, reference sample renewal. Inventory of toxic products.
  • Lab chemical waste management: segregation, recycling, disposal routes, reporting.

SAFE BEHAVIOR (key topic discussed during the whole course)

0.25 day

  • Individual behavior:
  • Typical hazardous behaviors observed, importance of being a role model. Individual accountability.
  • Behavioral observations: focus on human behavior, communication skills, commitment and action plans.
  • Risk management:
  • Risk identification and evaluation in day-to-day routine operations. Routine prevention. PPE. Sensitization.
  • Change management. Identification of risks related to analytical changes (equipment, chemicals, samples).
  • Quality systems:
  • Safety procedures (understanding and compliance). Operating instructions. Safety precautions in test methods.
  • Material Safety Data Sheets: understanding, use, filing.
  • Role of HSE Department and of the Safety Committee. Continuous improvement through incident feedback.
Ways & Means
  • Practical work based on actual lab incidents and accidents.
  • Equipment demos (hardware, pictures, videos).