Introduction to RefiningRPC/ITR-E

Who should attend?

  • This course provides a basic technical information on refining processes.
Audience :
  • Non-technical professionals in the Oil & Gas industry or related sectors interested in the oil refining business.

Level : Discovery

Course Content

  • CRUDE OILS & PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

      • Crude oils: supply, properties, classification, yields and properties of petroleum cuts.
      • Main characteristics of commercial products, relation to product uses.
      • Trends in market structure and product characteristics. Biofuels.
  • INITIAL CRUDE OIL FRACTIONATION

      • Operation principle, unit flow diagram, operating conditions, energy consumption:
      • Crude oil atmospheric distillation, desalting.
      • Light-ends fractionation.
      • Atmospheric residue vacuum distillation.
  • CATALYTIC REFORMING - ISOMERIZATION

      • Process fundamentals, operating conditions, catalysts.
      • Industrial units, process flow diagrams, equipment, yields, energy consumption, hydrogen production.
  • HYDROREFINING PROCESSES - SULFUR PLANT

      • Main features of impurities removal by catalytic hydrogen treatment: example of gas oil desulfurization unit.
      • Amine washing, sulfur plant (Claus unit), treatment of tail gas from Claus units.
  • CONVERSION UNITS

      • Characteristics of feeds to be cracked.
      • Overview of conversion processes by cracking of heavy feeds.
      • Conversion by means of thermal cracking: resid visbreaker, impact on heavy fuel oil production. Delayed coker.
      • Conversion by means of fluid catalytic cracking: FCC (process flow diagram, operating conditions, products disposal) and ancillary units: gasoline sweetening, alkylation, MTBE-ETBE.
      • Conversion by hydrocracking: process flow diagram, operating conditions, yields, product quality, hydrogen consumption. Adjustments to heavy feedstocks.
  • MANUFACTURING SCHEMES OF MAIN PRODUCTS

      • Integration of the units into the manufacturing scheme.
      • Simple and complex refineries, trends.
      • Manufacturing of main products.
  • BASE OIL MANUFACTURING

      • Base oil properties.
      • Purpose of the different refining treatments.

Learning Objectives

  • Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:
  • state the role of the main refining processes and their operating characteristics,
  • describe the manufacturing scheme of petroleum products,
  • sum up the main constraints and trends in the refining industry.

Ways & Means

  • Active participation of trainees through interactive games.
  • The use of 2D/3D photos and videos makes it possible to understand the size of the devices and units presented.