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Introduction to Equipment Technology

Introduction to Equipment Technology

5 days
This course is not scheduled.
Who should attend?


    • Engineers & supervisors involved in various disciplines such as process, maintenance, operation, mechanical, inspection, HSE, etc.


  • Foundation
  • This course provides a good knowledge of equipment technology, including thermal, static and rotating equipment.
Learning Objectives
  • Upon completion of the course, the participants will be able to:
  • provide basic understanding of Static & Rotating Equipment installed in process plants,
  • describe the technology of thermal equipment,
  • explain operating practices and key performances of each family of equipment.
Course Content


1.5 days

  • Symbols and equipment representation on P&ID drawings.
  • Pressure and temperature ratings. Different types of piping equipment & fittings: pipes, flanges, gaskets, valves, steam traps, safety valves, insulation, pipe supports, etc.
  • Vessels: technology of separator drums; technology and internals of distillation columns and reactors.
  • Storage tanks: different types (atmospheric, pressurized, cryogenic…). Design and technology.
  • Overview of ASTM & EN material.


1.5 days

  • TEMA standard heat exchangers & other types: tubular or plate type, air coolers and condensers.
  • Different types of furnaces, technology and characteristics.
  • Boiler technology. Operating conditions. Construction of heat exchange areas and refractory materials.
  • Burner technology: fuel and air supply. Low NOx and ultra low NOx burner technology.
  • Flare systems. Safety operation.


2 days

  • Different types of pumps.
  • Centrifugal pump performance curves: head, efficiency, shaft power, NPSH3.
  • Centrifugal pump technologies. Mechanical seals: various arrangements, ancillary systems.
  • Common failures and related root causes.
  • Reciprocating compressor architecture: number of stages, cylinders, overall layout, standard applications.
  • Technology of main components and ancillaries. Flow control, specific safety devices. Start-up procedures and Troubleshooting.
  • Centrifugal compressor: description, technology of main components & auxiliaries.
  • Performance curves, influence of suction conditions and gas composition.
  • Operating window: low and high speed limits, stonewall, surge, typical anti surge protection systems. Typical failures and related root causes.
  • Introduction to other types of rotating equipment: positive displacement pumps, other rotary positive displacement compressors, blowers, steam turbines, gas turbines, motors.
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Ways & Means
  • Sharing of participants’ best practices.
  • Study of actual cases based on industrial Oil & Gas and petrochemical processes.