Introduction to Equipment Technology


Who should attend?

  • This course provides a good knowledge of equipment technology, including thermal, static and rotating equipment.
Audience :
  • Engineers and supervisors involved in various disciplines such as process, maintenance, operation, mechanical, inspection, HSE, etc.

Level : Foundation

Course Content


      • Symbols and equipment representation on P&ID drawings.
      • Pressure and temperature ratings. Different types of piping equipment and fittings: pipes, flanges, gaskets, valves, steam traps, safety valves, insulation, pipe supports, etc.
      • Vessels: technology of separator drums; technology and internals of distillation columns and reactors.
      • Storage tanks: different types (atmospheric, pressurized, cryogenic…). Design and technology.
      • Overview of ASTM and EN material.

      • TEMA standard heat exchangers and other types: tubular or plate type, air coolers and condensers.
      • Different types of furnaces, technology and characteristics.
      • Boiler technology. Operating conditions. Construction of heat exchange areas and refractory materials.
      • Burner technology: fuel and air supply. Low NOx and ultra-low NOx burner technology.
      • Flare systems. Safety operation.

      • Different types of pumps.
      • Centrifugal pump performance curves: head, efficiency, shaft power, NPSH3.
      • Centrifugal pump technologies. Mechanical seals: various arrangements, ancillary systems.
      • Common failures and related root causes.
      • Reciprocating compressor architecture: number of stages, cylinders, overall layout, standard applications.
      • Technology of main components and ancillaries. Flow control, specific safety devices. Start-up procedures and troubleshooting.
      • Centrifugal compressor: description, technology of main components and auxiliaries.
      • Performance curves, influence of suction conditions and gas composition.
      • Operating window: low and high speed limits, stonewall, surge, typical anti surge protection systems. Typical failures and related root causes.
      • Introduction to other types of rotating equipment: positive displacement pumps, other rotary positive displacement compressors, blowers, steam turbines, gas turbines, motors.

Learning Objectives

  • Upon completion of the course, the participants will be able to:
  • provide basic understanding of static and rotating equipment installed in process plants,
  • describe the technology of thermal equipment,
  • explain operating practices and key performances of each family of equipment.

Ways & Means

  • Sharing of participants’ best practices.
  • Study of actual cases based on industrial Oil & Gas and petrochemical processes.