Instrumentation, Process Control & Safety Instrumented SystemsE&I/INST1GB

Who should attend?

  • This course provides a comprehensive knowledge of process control and safety systems.
Audience :
  • Engineers and technicians involved in designing, constructing, commissioning or operating Oil & Gas surface production facilities.

Level : Proficiency

Course Content

  • PROCESS CONTROL OVERVIEW

      • Controlling and controlled systems.
      • Controlled variable, manipulated variable, disturbance variable, actuators, set point…
      • Control topology.
      • Functional analysis, functional blocks, symbolization.
      • Pneumatic, electric and digital control loops.
      • Pneumatic and electric power supply, signal transmission… and conversion.
  • MEASURING ELEMENT - SENSORS

      • Operating parameters measurement. Measurement errors.
      • Temperature, pressure, flowrate, level measurement.
      • Operating principle, technology, measurement unit, local reading/transmission.
      • Safety instruments: limit switches, position sensors, temperature, pressure, flowrate level detectors…
  • SIGNAL TRANSMISSION - TRANSMITTERS

      • Pneumatic transmitters: transformation of force into a pneumatic signal and amplification, technology and transmitter tuning.
      • Operation of the sensor-transmitter combination.
      • Electric and electronic transmitters: operating principle.
      • Digital and programmable transmitters.
  • ACTUATORS - CONTROL VALVES

      • Linear displacement valves: technology, different plug types, characteristic curves, safety position: AO, AC, FC, FO…
      • Positioners: operating principle, types (pneumatic, electro pneumatic…).
      • Other types of control valves: simple and double seat valves, cage valves, “Camflex” type valves, three-way valves.
      • Contactors: position sensors, electro-valves.
      • ON/OFF valves: types, simple and double actuators.
  • CONTROLLERS - CONTROL STRUCTURES

      • Controllers: role, operating principle, direct or inverted action, operating modes.
      • Behavior of P&ID type controllers: operating point, gain, interactions.
      • Control loops: simple, cascade, and split-range.
      • Ratio control, elaborated variable control, feed-forward control systems.
  • DISTRIBUTED CONTROL SYSTEM (DCS)

      • Plant control philosophy, workstation, glossary.
      • Architecture:
      • Functional organization, equipment architecture.
      • Data allocation, communication network.
      • Safety/redundancy.
      • Interfaces (sensors, actuators, network, PLC, others).
      • Plant control: hardware, software, types and organization of views.
      • Alarms, historian.
  • P&ID CONTROLLERS

      • P&ID tuning: process and control loop response.
      • Robustness, rapidity, accuracy.
      • Regulation (fixed set point) and closed-loop control (variable set point).
      • Proportional, integral, derivative controller characteristic.
      • Applications on dynamic simulator.
  • SAFETY INSTRUMENTED SYSTEMS (SIS)

      • Safety loop.
      • Safety function, Safety Integrity Level.
      • High Integrity Protection Systems (HIPS), Emergency ShutDown (ESD), Fire & Gas (F&G), Emergency DePressurization (EDP).

Learning Objectives

  • Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:
  • understand control loops and safety loops, as well as ICSS and associated equipment technologies,
  • comprehend technology and operating principles of instruments most commonly used in the Oil & Gas industry,
  • understand impact of P&ID controllers parameters on process control,
  • grasp main process control structures encountered in Oil & Gas surface processing,
  • draw the outline of a typical DCS architecture, learn the functions of safety instrumented systems.

Ways & Means

  • Highly interactive training by industry specialist lecturer.
  • Numerous applications and illustrations.
  • Process control practice on dynamic simulator.