Instrumentation MaintenanceMAI/INSTMAINTGB

Who should attend?

  • This course provides a comprehensive knowledge for the monitoring and maintenance of instrumented systems used in Oil & Gas production facilities.
Audience :
  • Engineers and technicians involved in installation, monitoring and maintenance of instrumented systems used in the Oil & Gas production facilities.

Level : Proficiency

Course Content

  • PROCESS INSTRUMENTATION

      • Process instrumentation:
      • Scope of the Oil & Gas industry. Identification and symbolization of process parameter to control.
      • Identification and symbolization of process equipment. PFD and PID drawings.
      • Communication and signal types:
      • Signal codes and standardization. Pneumatic. Electrical (voltage, amps).
      • Digital/HART protocol, Modbus, Fieldbus.
      • Sensors, transmitters:
      • Principles. Description. Technology. Pneumatic, electronic instruments. Transmission standards.
      • Process measures:
      • Measure and measurement loop for process control.
      • Pressure measurement (principle, technology, calibration).
      • Level measurement (principle, technology, calibration).
      • Flowrate measurement (principle, technology, calibration).
      • Temperature measurement (principle, technology, calibration).
  • PROCESS CONTROL

      • Control loop:
      • Constitutive elements of a control loop. Controller principle and technology.
      • PID controller algorithm. Control loop optimization with regard to process.
      • Practical tuning method of PID controller.
      • Control valves:
      • Principle. Technology of constitutive elements (servomotor and valve body)
      • Choice of action applied to process. Valve flowrate characteristic.
      • Other constitutive elements: valve positioner, P/P and I/P converter.
      • Valve sizing. Cv coefficient.
      • ON/OFF valves:
      • Principle. Technology of constitutive elements. Single and double actuators.
      • Control cabinet equipment. Solenoid valve. Pneumatic distributor. Different types of control cabinet.
  • AUTOMATION OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES

      • Distributed Control System (DCS):
      • Purpose. Different functions (DCS, PLC). Architecture. Equipment. Various interfaces.
      • Principle of systems networking.
      • Sequential flowcharts. Grafcet.
  • SAFETY INSTRUMENTED SYSTEM

      • Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS):
      • Principle. Safety Integrity Level (SIL). Safety Logic Diagram (SLD): principle, various levels, voting logics.
      • HIPS (High Integrity Protection System): principle, equipment.
      • Principle of emergency blow-down.
      • System maintenance and calibration. Periodic testing and preventive maintenance of detectors.
      • Fire & Gas System (FGS):
      • FGS logic. Detectors location: process areas, machine package, technical rooms.
      • Gas detectors: refresher on industrial gas LEL/UEL. Various types of sensors: technology, principle, calibration procedures, periodic tests and preventive maintenance for portable and fixed detectors.
      • Fire and smoke detectors. Various types of detectors: technology, principle.
      • Firefighting network: equipment, configuration, triggering procedure (Auto/Manual).
  • MAINTENANCE & CALIBRATION STANDARDS

      • Maintenance, calibration and preventive maintenance standards.
      • Main procedures:
      • Synchronization application and calibrations (measures, control loop and control valves, ON/OFF valves, fire and gas sensors).
      • Implementation of preventive maintenance tasks list to the various components of a loop.

Learning Objectives

  • Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:
  • explain the importance of measurements quality, calibration methods and associated preventive actions,
  • optimize process control loop - PID controllers,
  • describe the typical architecture of a DCS: I/O interfaces, communication protocols,
  • describe process safety systems and fire and gas detection systems,
  • master procedures for instrument calibration, process control and safety loops synchronization.

Ways & Means

  • Highly interactive training by industry specialist lecturers.
  • Process control practice on dynamic simulator and on-site (if possible).
  • Exercises on calibration of process measures, process control and safety loops.