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Sessions
Dates Location Tuition Register
Sep 17 - 21, 2018 Rueil 2,550 €
Online By email
Who should attend?

Audience

    • Engineers and supervisors interested or involved in the processing of heavy cuts.

Level

  • Foundation
  • This course provides a comprehensive knowledge of refining processes available to upgrade heavy cuts into lighter ones.
Learning Objectives
  • Upon completion of the course, the participants will be able to:
  • understand differences between refining conversion processes with regard to planning, operations and investment issues,
  • analyze the operating parameters of these conversion processes,
  • acquire the basics for operating cracking units,
  • know about on the latest developments in heavy cuts processing.
Course Content

OVERVIEW OF CONVERSION PROCESSES

0.25 day

  • Origins and characteristics of conversion unit feeds.
  • Different types of conversion processes (principles, performance, operating ranges, economics): thermal cracking processes, catalytic cracking without hydrogen, catalytic cracking with hydrogen.

THERMAL CONVERSION PROCESSES

1.5 days

  • Visbreaking and effects on quantity and stability of heavy fuel oils.
  • Delayed coking: process characteristics, process flow diagram, purification of the cracked products with hydrogen and end destination.
  • Management of coke drum switch and main steps of the decoking procedure, coke handling.
  • Flexicoking and fluid coker: principle, integration in the refinery and power.

CATALYTIC CRACKING

1.25 days

  • Main fluid catalytic cracking processes.
  • Catcracking feed characteristics.
  • Mechanisms of catalytic cracking reactions and mode of action of FCC catalysts.
  • Yields and characteristics of FCC effluents with overview of purification treatments: propylene recovery, alkylation, ETBE and gasoline pool, LCO hydrotreatment.
  • Analysis of FCC operating balances.
  • Summary of operating parameters in the reaction section and in the regenerator.
  • FCC alternates to treat residues (R2R, HOC, etc.).
  • Maximization of C3 & C4 olefins, gasoline or cracked gasoil (LCO) production.
  • Presentation of different process schemes.

DISTILLATE HYDROCRACKING

1.25 days

  • Different reactions of the hydrocracking process.
  • Catalysts: hydrotreating and hydrocracking; poisons and regeneration.
  • Hydrocracking processes: different types, process flow diagram, operating conditions.
  • Analysis of hydrocracking operating: parameters, hydrogen balance, sulfur balance.
  • Associated unit: hydrogen production, sulfur recovery.
  • Product yields and quality utilizations.

RESIDUE PROCESSING

0.5 day

  • Overview of existing processes to upgrade vacuum residues: hydrotreatment, hydroconversion.
  • Associated units.
  • Refinery configurations with deasphalting unit.

LUBE BASE STOCKS MANUFACTURE

0.25 day

  • Classification and required properties of base oils.
  • Main lube base stocks manufacturing schemes: vacuum distillation unit, deasphalting, extraction, dewaxing, hydrofinishing.
Ways & Means
  • Case studies based on real industrial situations.