E&I Design EngineeringE&I/E&I2GB

Who should attend?

  • This course provides the basic knowledge for selection and sizing of electrical production and distribution installations and instrumented systems.
Audience :
  • Engineers and technicians involved in the design of oil installations, technicians of the methods offices, technicians of technical supports in charge of modifications, revamping of installations or upgrades to standards.

Level : Foundation

Course Content

  • PREREQUISITES

      • Electrical units.
      • Reading of electrical plans and instrumentation P&ID, PFD.
  • METHODOLOGY

      • Determination of:
      • Network power consumption and power factor.
      • Number of sources and redundancies.
      • Required voltage levels.
      • Vital, essential and normal equipment.
      • Emergency power sources: EDG (Emergency Diesel Generator), network synchronization, UPS (Uninterruptible Power Supply) 220VAC, 48 and 24VDC.
  • ELECTRICAL NETWORKS ARCHITECTURES

      • Current standards (UTE C 18-510) and IEC 38 on voltage levels.
      • General structure of a HV and LV network.
      • Power philosophy: simplicity, reliability, maintainability, OPEX, CAPEX...
      • Basic feeding patterns (radial, loop).
      • Elements of control, protection, insulation: circuit breakers, contactors, disconnectors, specialized relays.
      • Transformers and voltage levels.
      • Earthing and neutral regimes.
      • Reactive energy compensation systems.
      • Plan of selectivity and technological choices.
      • PDCS (Power Distribution & Control System): specific communication network e.g. for network protection relays.
  • ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION

      • Drive gas turbine: one or 2 shafts.
      • Alternator: apparent power, output voltage, excitation voltage, speed, frequency.
      • Insulation class.
      • ATEX Certification.
  • PROTECTION AGAINST ELECTRICAL HAZARDS

      • Current standards (UTE C 18-510) in HV and LV.
      • Staff certifications.
      • Isolation rules.
      • Hazardous areas and ATEX standards.
  • INSTRUMENTATION

      • Presentation of ISA-5.1 to 5.3.
      • PFD, P&ID, identification of instruments, symbols, codification.
      • Analog and digital instrumentation (threshold, programming), simple measuring instruments and analyzers.
      • Field instrumentation reminders: 4-20 mA standard and HART.
      • Measuring instruments choice (data sheet, instrumentation database).
      • Loop diagram: segregation of functions, earthing.
      • Notions of classified areas.
      • Protection against electromagnetic disturbances.
      • Protection in explosive atmospheres (ATEX Directive 94/9/EC).
      • Mounting elements, installation rules (pipe classes, assembly diagrams, wiring and segregation).
      • Approach to calculations of flowrates and uncertainties (ISO 5167).
  • CONTROL ACTUATORS

      • Determination of a valve in a circuit (Cv).
      • Control valve technology choice (“Fail” positions, positioner, accessories, accuracy and law of flowrate).
      • Introduction to control valves calculation, sealing classes.
      • ON/OFF valves technological choice (pneumatic or electric actuator, single or double acting).
  • CONTROL & SAFETY INSTRUMENTED SYSTEMS

      • Study of a development project of DCS or PLC: engineering documents (functional analysis) and phases of the project.
      • Segregation of PCS/PSS/ESD/FGS functions.
      • Communication networks: ring, star, distributed, coaxial and fiber optic cables, advantages and drawbacks.
      • Approaches to the quantification and distribution of inputs/outputs of a system: dimensioning approach of system cabinets and marshaling.
      • SIS (Safety Instrumented System): remind PSS, ESD, HIPS, EDP. Impact of HAZID and HAZOP studies on design.
      • SIL concept of instrumented loops (application of standards IEC 61508 and 61511).
      • Redundancy, voting.

Learning Objectives

  • At the end of the training, participants will be able to identify the parameters and specifications to be considered when selecting and sizing electrical power generation, distribution systems, instrumented systems for control and safety of oil installations.

Ways & Means

  • Interactive animation by specialists from the Oil & Gas and the energy areas.
  • Numerous applications and illustrations.