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Contractual Framework of Gas Sale-Purchase & Transportation

Contractual Framework of Gas Sale-Purchase & Transportation

3 days
This course is not scheduled.
Who should attend?


    • Professionals, involved in natural gas trading, who need to negotiate or implement natural gas contracts.


  • Proficiency
  • This training provides participants with the fundamental features and structures of natural gas long-term sales contracts and transportation agreements.
Learning Objectives
  • Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:
  • identify the main articles of long-term natural gas agreements,
  • explain the keys points of the commercial clauses,
  • evaluate the principles of natural gas pricing and transportation.
Course Content


2 days

  • Primary issues about long-term gas agreements.
  • Main natural gas agreements.
  • Analysis of the main articles of long-term agreements:
  • Commercial:
  • duration: depletion contract, supply contract, peak shaving, seller's nomination and interruption,
  • quantity: ACQ, DCQ, MDQ, swing factor, excess gas and take-or-pay,
  • quality: technical specifications, acceptable limits and non-conformity penalties,
  • price: indexation, market value and net-back value,
  • delivery point: place, measure, frequency, precision and flexibility,
  • Responsibility: force majeure, transfer of rights, expert, arbitration and applicable law.
  • Operational:
  • installation, counting system and analysis, obligation of information, confidentiality, invoicing and payment,
  • entitlement, risk and general disposals.
  • Recent evolution of natural gas long-term contracts: short-term contracts and tolling agreements.


1 day

  • Main principles of natural gas transportation agreements.
  • Analysis of the main articles:
  • delivery point/redelivery, specifications,
  • quantity and capacity booking (delivery commitment, booked capacities profile and transportation obligation),
  • tariff structure (ship-or-pay, fix or variable pricing),
  • quantities allocation and procedure, gas delivery procedures, quality settlement and removal schedule,
  • duration, force majeure, tie-in deposit and general dispositions.
  • Recent evolution of gas transportation agreements.
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Ways & Means
  • Examples of contracts.
  • Case studies on contracts.
  • Simulation of negotiation.