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Chlorine & Derivatives Production

Chlorine & Derivatives Production

2 days
RPC/FABCL-E
Sessions
This course is not scheduled.
Who should attend?

Audience

    • Professionals in the chlorochemistry sector: equipment provider, services, subcontractors, insurance…

Level

  • Discovery
  • This course brings technical information on the production, the main industrial applications and the uses of chlorine compounds.
Learning Objectives
  • Upon completion of the course, the participants will be able to:
  • describe the origin, the outlets and the applications of chlorine compounds and also of the products using chlorine in their production chain,
  • understand the structure and the role of the industry of chlorine and main derivatives,
  • analyze the principle of the various processes of production for chlorine and some of its derivatives.
Course Content

ORIGIN & USES OF CHLORINE & ITS DERIVATIVES

0.25 day

  • Natural chlorine: various natural forms, salts, chlorides, minerals…
  • Chlorine in daily life: factor of health, hygiene and cleanliness. Raw material for staples.
  • Overview of chlorine and derivative uses in France and worldwide.
  • Main raw material: the salt (sodium chloride), availability and distribution.

PRODUCTION PROCESSES FOR CHLORINE & DERIVATIVES

0.75 day

  • Preparation of brine: extraction of sea salt and “gemme” salt. Purification and filtration processes of brine, quality criteria.
  • Electrolysis:
  • Generalities on electrolysis process, rules of proportions for production.
  • Industrial implementation of the process. Membrane electrolysis workshop: diaphragm and mercury. Recent evolution of the various means of production.
  • Operating conditions of these various workshops and specific consumption of electrical energy.
  • Safety and pollution prevention in the workshops.
  • Chlorine treatment:
  • Chlorine desiccation, compression and liquefaction.
  • Storage and transport of liquid chlorine.
  • Safety and elimination of chlorinated effluents. Management of bleach workshop, inert treatment.
  • Hydrogen treatment: cooling, desiccation, demercurization and uses.
  • Concentration and soda treatments: various processes.

VINYL CHLORINE & PVC MANUFACTURING

0.5 day

  • Generalities on the various DCE production processes: direct chlorination, balanced process, oxychlorination.
  • Industrial implementations: catalysts, fixed or fluidized beds.
  • CVM production by pyrolysis: DCE cracking, by-product separation and CVM purification.
  • Flexibility of the processes and integration depending on various schemes to minimize the production of chlorhydric acid and the consumption of energy.
  • CVM polymerization.
  • Generalities of industrial polymerization processes: main steps, exothermicity, polymer purification, shaping.
  • Various processes and industrial constraints: polymerization in emulsion, in suspension, in mass.

PRODUCTION OF SOME OTHER CHLORINE DERIVATIVES

0.25 day

  • Bleach, protection products, catalysts, chlorinated solvents, frigorific fluids.

ECONOMICS OF THE CHLORINE INDUSTRY

0.25 day

  • Production cost structure.
  • Costs related to the supply of salt and electrical energy.
  • Market trends and international integration.
  • Recycling of chlorinated products.
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Ways & Means
  • The content of this course can be adapted to client needs.