Chlorine & Derivatives Production

RPC/FABCL-E

Who should attend?

  • This course brings technical information on the production, the main industrial applications and the uses of chlorine compounds.
Audience :
  • Professionals in the chlorochemistry sector: equipment provider, services, subcontractors, insurance…

Level : Discovery

Course Content

  • ORIGIN & USES OF CHLORINE & ITS DERIVATIVES

      • Natural chlorine: various natural forms, salts, chlorides, minerals…
      • Chlorine in daily life: factor of health, hygiene and cleanliness. Raw material for staples.
      • Overview of chlorine and derivative uses in France and worldwide.
      • Main raw material: the salt (sodium chloride), availability and distribution.
  • PRODUCTION PROCESSES FOR CHLORINE & DERIVATIVES

      • Preparation of brine: extraction of sea salt and “gemme” salt. Purification and filtration processes of brine, quality criteria.
      • Electrolysis:
      • Generalities on electrolysis process, rules of proportions for production.
      • Industrial implementation of the process. Membrane electrolysis workshop: diaphragm and mercury. Recent evolution of the various means of production.
      • Operating conditions of these various workshops and specific consumption of electrical energy.
      • Safety and pollution prevention in the workshops.
      • Chlorine treatment:
      • Chlorine desiccation, compression and liquefaction.
      • Storage and transport of liquid chlorine.
      • Safety and elimination of chlorinated effluents. Management of bleach workshop, inert treatment.
      • Hydrogen treatment: cooling, desiccation, demercurization and uses.
      • Concentration and soda treatments: various processes.
  • VINYL CHLORIDE & PVC MANUFACTURING

      • Generalities on the various DCE production processes: direct chlorination, balanced process, oxychlorination.
      • Industrial implementations: catalysts, fixed or fluidized beds.
      • CVM production by pyrolysis: DCE cracking, by-product separation and CVM purification.
      • Flexibility of the processes and integration depending on various schemes to minimize the production of chlorhydric acid and the consumption of energy.
      • CVM polymerization.
      • Generalities of industrial polymerization processes: main steps, exothermicity, polymer purification, shaping.
      • Various processes and industrial constraints: polymerization in emulsion, in suspension, in mass.
  • PRODUCTION OF SOME OTHER CHLORINE DERIVATIVES

      • Bleach, protection products, catalysts, chlorinated solvents, frigorific fluids.
  • ECONOMICS OF THE CHLORINE INDUSTRY

      • Production cost structure.
      • Costs related to the supply of salt and electrical energy.
      • Market trends and international integration.
      • Recycling of chlorinated products.

Learning Objectives

  • Upon completion of the course, the participants will be able to:
  • describe the origin, the outlets and the applications of chlorine compounds and also of the products using chlorine in their production chain,
  • understand the structure and the role of the industry of chlorine and main derivatives,
  • analyze the principle of the various processes of production for chlorine and some of its derivatives.

Ways & Means

  • The content of this course can be adapted to client needs.