Basis of Applied Chemical EngineeringGCA/PTM0-E

Who should attend?

  • This course provides a more in-depth knowledge on the main operation units and then on the processes in refinery, petrochemical and heavy chemistry sites. It also enables to better understand new technologies as well as improving the communication and potential projects with the process department.
Audience :
  • Supervisors and technicians whose activities are related to the operation of industrial sites: production, maintenance, plant projects, process control, laboratory, engineering, R&D (panel or console operators, process supervisors, maintenance supervisors or other technicians).
  • Every type of activities is concerned: refining, petrochemistry, heavy chemistry, engineering.

Level : Foundation

Course Content

  • THERMODYNAMICS PROPERTIES OF PURE COMPONENTS & MIXTURES

      • Characteristics or pure components: density, boiling point, vapor pressure, critical conditions, enthalpy, heat capacity, latent heat. Thermodynamics diagrams.
      • Gas properties: perfect gas law, real gas behavior, partial pressures.
      • Liquid-vapor equilibria of mixtures: equilibrium domains and properties of each phase, equilibrium coefficients, energy balance calculations, behavior of non-ideal mixtures.
      • Application: study of frigorific cycle: principle, determination of operating conditions, mass and energy balance.
  • FLUID FLOW & ROTATING EQUIPMENT

      • Fluid flow:
      • Characteristics of the single-phase liquid and gaseous flows. Flow rate, laminar and turbulent flows, energy.
      • Flow rate measurement with measuring devices.
      • Determining pressure drops in sites, influence of circuits and accessories, especially the valves. Methods of evaluation.
      • Characteristic curve of a circuit, examples of typical circuits: energy necessary for stable conditions, influence of flow rate, profile of pressure along the flow.
      • Pumping:
      • Functions and elements of the main rotating equipment.
      • Operation of the centrifugal pumps and characteristic curves: flow rate, HMT, NPSH…
      • Connections pump-circuit. Adjustment to the operating conditions: changes in the flow rate, the product, temperature, cavitation. Function of an automatic valve.
      • Application: study of a pumping circuit, pressure determination along the process, characteristics curve of the circuit, Power consumption, possible upsets.
  • GAS COMPRESSION & EXPANSION

      • Gas behavior during compression: thermodynamics models (ideal gas and real gas), temperature and specific volume, energy and power consumed.
      • Operation of reciprocating and centrifugal compressors. Performance evaluation, adjustment to the operating conditions: change in the efficiency, operating limits, power.
      • Principles of turbines, characteristics of the expansion step and determination of the yield.
      • Application: study of the operating conditions of a compressor in a refrigeration cycle, study of the turbine as a driving device.
  • HEAT TRANSFER

      • Different heat transfer modes (conduction, convection and radiation), definition of thermal flow.
      • Conduction and convection: thermal potential, resistances, thermal conductivity, convection coefficients, overall heat transfer coefficient, influence of fouling.
      • Heat exchangers: heat law, influence of circulation modes, of heat surface and fouling on the performances.
      • Radiation: emission and absorption principles and mutual exchanges.
      • Application: calculate area required for a given piece of equipment, impact of fouling.

Learning Objectives

  • Upon completion of the course, the participants will be able to:
  • describe the main phenomenas in process engineering and use the adapted vocabulary,
  • understand the operating conditions of equipment used in the process,
  • to better identify solutions in case of upsets.

Ways & Means

  • Numerous applications related to industrial situations, built as a recurring and attractive global case study.