Base Oil ProductionRPC/BOR

Who should attend?

  • This course provides in-depth knowledge of lube base stocks manufacturing with an overview of the business environment.
Audience :
  • Non-technical professionals from oil or lubricant industries, or subcontractors interested in base oil refining technology and environment.

Level : Discovery

Course Content

  • CLASSIFICATION & PROPERTIES OF BASE OILS

      • Commercial lubricant function and composition, purpose of additive introduction, demand structure.
      • Mineral base oil classification, market trends.
      • Main quality criteria in relation with chemical composition, specifications.
  • STRUCTURE OF BASE OIL MARKET

      • Market demand in relationship with uses of lube oils.
      • International market and future trends in main developing countries.
  • BASE OIL MANUFACTURING SCHEMES

      • Composition of vacuum distillates and residue: influence on refining.
      • Conventional manufacturing scheme vs. base oil manufacture by hydrotreatment: units’ purpose, products quality.
      • Rerefining of drained lubricants.
  • BASE OIL CONVENTIONAL REFINING PROCESSES

      • Vacuum distillation:
      • Residue fractionation: distillates yields depending on crude oil.
      • Operating conditions. Quality control: viscosity and flash point tuning.
      • Solvent extraction:
      • Vacuum residue deasphalting and aromatics extraction: solvent choice, operating variables, viscosity and VI control.
      • Solvent recovery, energy consumption.
      • Solvent dewaxing:
      • Paraffin crystallization in the presence of a solvent: operating conditions.
      • Specific equipment: chillers, rotating filters.
  • BASE OIL UNCONVENTIONAL REFINING PROCESSES

      • Hydrotreatment processes:
      • Typical process flow diagram - Main equipment: reactor, heaters, heat exchanger.
      • Chemical reactions and catalyst for hydrotreating.
      • Operating conditions: pressure, temperature, hydrogen ratio, WABT.
      • Impact of conditions on quality: pour point, viscosities, VI, CCR…
      • Hydrorefining: hydrocracking of vacuum distillates and deasphalted oil.
      • Hydrodewaxing: hydroisomerization of slack wax/gatsch.
      • Hydrofinishing:
      • hydrofinishing of lube basestocks, paraffins and microwaxes,
      • white oils manufacturing principles: required properties.
  • SAFETY IN BASE OIL REFINING

      • Overview of the main specific risks in base oil refining.
      • REX of accidents.

Learning Objectives

  • Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:
  • give an overview of lubricant uses, classifications and markets,
  • explain the relation between quality requirements, processes used and composition of lube base stocks and by-products,
  • describe the main operating parameters and their impact on performances.

Ways & Means

  • Detailed course material with a glossary of the main technical terms used in the refining industry.
  • Active participation of trainees through interactive games.
  • The use of photos, videos and demonstration material makes it possible to understand the size of the devices and units presented.