Applied Thermodynamics

GCA/ATHERMO

Who should attend?

  • This course provides the fundamentals of thermodynamics applied to hydrocarbon processing.
Audience :
  • Engineers, technical staff and supervisors involved in the design, operation and troubleshooting of refining and petrochemical plants.

Level : Advanced

Course Content

  • PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF HYDROCARBONS

      • Hydrocarbons classification, structure and properties.
      • Main physical and chemical properties of hydrocarbon mixtures (IBP-FBP, sulfur content, specific gravity…).
      • Others contaminants in relation with hydrocarbons origin (gas fields, crude oils).
  • FLUID PROPERTIES

      • Properties of pure substances, vapor pressure, thermodynamic diagrams (P-t, h-t, h-S, h-P), application to frigorific cycles, boilers.
      • Fluid properties: ideal gas law, real gas: compressibility factor, corresponding state law, analytical equations of state, mixtures of gases, partial pressures.
      • Equations of state: conception, uses, examples, selection.
  • LIQUID-VAPOR EQUILIBRIA OF HYDROCARBON MIXTURES

      • Liquid-vapor equilibrium of pure substances: vapor pressure curves, critical point, volatility of pure substances…
      • Liquid-vapor equilibrium of mixture: bubble and dew curves, critical point, phase envelopes.
      • Liquid-vapor equilibrium coefficient - Raoult’s law.
      • Behavior of ideal and non-ideal solutions.
  • SEPARATION PROCESSES USED IN THE PETROLEUM INDUSTRY

      • Processes based on liquid vapor equilibria selectivity, liquid-liquid equilibria selectivity, adsorption selectivity, liquid-solid equilibria selectivity, permeability…
  • DISTILLATION PROCESS

      • Principle of distillation process.
      • Technology - Internals - Selection criteria.
      • Operation of distillation columns.
      • Distillation column control.
      • Troubleshooting of distillation columns.
      • Design of distillation columns.

Learning Objectives

  • Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:
  • recall the physical and chemical properties of the petroleum cuts,
  • explain the practical aspects of the hydrocarbon behavior in the vapor-liquid equilibria,
  • calculate flashes and thermodynamic properties of fluids in LVE,
  • explain the technology of distillation columns,
  • describe the operating principle, control scheme and critical variables of a given distillation column.

Ways & Means

  • Participative lecturing.
  • Illustrated documentation.
  • Numerous applications.