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Thermal Equipment

  • Engineers, technical staff and supervisors in the petroleum and petrochemicals industries, involved in the technology and operation of thermal equipment.
  • To provide in-depth knowledge of heat exchangers, furnaces and boilers encountered in the petroleum and petrochemicals industries.
Learning Objectives
  • To illustrate the technology of thermal equipment.
  • To compare operating conditions and implement an optimum, safe and reliable operation of heat exchangers and heaters.
  • To discuss the main steps of start-up, shutdown, cleaning and testing procedures.
Ways and means
  • Study of main components of burners, tube coils, refractory materials.
  • Actual examples and application from the refining, petrochemical and chemical industry.
  • Trainee participation is continuously encouraged through the use of case studies selected by the trainer or proposed by trainees themselves.

Thermal equipment and heat transfer 0.5 day
  • Heat exchange conditions: convection coefficients, resistance caused by the walls and by fouling. Heat flux.
  • Overall heat transfer coefficient.
  • Heat transfer by radiation: parameters governing heat transfer, type of fuel burned, tube temperature, fouling effect.
Heat exchangers technology and selection criteria 1 day
  • TEMA standard heat exchangers, selection criteria for different types of shell, front ends and rear ends, floating end construction.
  • Tubes: lengths, diameters and gages, pattern and pitch, tube-to-tubesheet joints, maintenance and cleaning.
  • Baffles and support plates: type of transversal baffles, baffles cuts, spacing.
  • Thermal performance: fluid flow distribution, geometrical characteristics and technological constraints.
  • Other types of heat exchanger: tubular or plate type, air coolers and condensers.
Heat exchangers performance and operation 1 day
  • Heat exchanger performance follow-up: influence of fouling.
  • Optimum cleaning interval estimate, preparation, safe cleaning procedure.
  • Inspection of exchanger bundles.
  • Hydraulic pressure test: case of U tube bundle and floating head heat exchangers.
  • Start-up procedure: Main steps for a safe start-up.
Furnaces and boilers technology 1.5 days
  • Different types of furnaces and their function. Operating conditions.
  • Boiler technology.
  • Efficiency of heat recovery: estimation rule. Parameters governing heater efficiency.
  • Construction of heat exchange areas and refractory materials.
  • Air and flue gas circulation: natural and forced draft.
  • Burner technology: fuel and air supply and mixture. Low NOx and ultra low NOx burners technology.
Operation 1 day
  • On stream operation: monitoring of combustion and heating. Modifying operating conditions.
  • Control system: air/fuel ratio control, process fluid outlet temperature, steam pressure, feed water flow rate control, phenomena disrupting the steam drum level.
  • Safety prescriptions on heaters, process fluid, combustion, fuel circuits.
  • Safe and reliable operation: main recommendations.
  • Start-up and shutdown: preparation, safe ignition procedures.
2016 course calendar
Language Dates Location Tuition Register
Sep 12 - 16 Rueil €2,850 Online By email