5 days SEC/SAFETY
- Operating personnel (engineers, shift leaders and/or operators) in refineries and petrochemical/chemical plants; any staff involved in operations (maintenance, SHE department).
- To provide the trainees with a better understanding of product and equipment risks in order to ensure safe operation.
- To identify and assess the risks inherent in products handling, equipment use and operations.
- To measure the possible consequences on safety, health and the environment.
- To apply preventive measures recommended.
- To adopt the most appropriate behavior to counter risks.
Ways and means
- Workshop: preparation of shutdown, decommissioning or/and commissioning, start-up procedure for a typical unit.
- Case studies and analysis of incidents and accidents.
This course is also available in Dutch, Italian and Spanish.
Plant operations and safety 0.25 day
- Hazard and risk identification.
- Safety, health, environmental consequences.
- Risk management: technical, organizational and human aspects.
Product-related risks 2 days
- Explosive atmosphere: combustible products (gaseous, liquid and solids). Oxidizers. Ignition sources; flames, self-ignition temperature, sparks and static electricity, pyrophoric products, etc.
- Preventive measures and precautions: during normal conditions, during draining and sampling; in the event of leaks; with regard to storage tanks; during loading and unloading; during repair work.
- Risks and precautions related to BLEVE.
- Fluid behavior and related risks
- Pressure in a vessel and consequences of an increase or decrease in temperature: thermal expansion, vaporization, collapsing due to vacuum, freezing due to pressure drop, etc.
- Risk assessment and preventive measures.
- Chemical and physical hazards involving personnel
- Poisoning: ingestion, metabolism and elimination. Prevention.
- Burns caused by heat sources and chemical products.
Safety in process operations 2.5 days
- Precautions and risks related to the use of utilities: inert gases, liquid water, steam, air, gas oil, fuel gas.
- Safety related to blowdown and drainage toward: flare, slops, tanks, oily water, ...
- Blinding procedures: conditions for installing blinds or spades.
- Degassing-inerting: steam, nitrogen, water, vacuum, work permits, ...
- Entry into vessels. Atmosphere analysis: oxygen content explosivity, toxicity.
- Start-up: checks, accessibility and cleanliness, line up, nitrogen-, water-, steam- or vacuum deaeration.
- Tightness testing; commissioning and start-up.
Human behavior and safety management 0.25 day
- Human factors. Safety barriers, compliance with procedure, risk of routine.
- Employees' involvement: commitment and responsibility.
- Available tools to improve safety: procedures risk assessment, safety meetings, accidents investigation and reporting, audits, field observations, emergency drills.