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Properties, Formulation, Transfer & Storage of Petroleum Products

8 days MVS/PCTS-E
Level
Proficiency
Audience
  • Field operators, panel operators, foremen and staff in reception, blending of crude or petroleum products, storage or shipping facilities.
  • Anyone interested in petroleum products transfer and storage management.
Purpose
  • To improve competency for the safe operation of storage facilities.
Learning Objectives
  • To learn the detailed characteristics of crude oil, petroleum fractions, blending stocks and finished products.
  • To grasp the issues involved in blending and manufacturing finished products.
  • To analyze the operating and monitoring conditions for transfer by gravity or pumping.
  • To become proficient in operating tanks and storage facilities under safe conditions.
Ways and means
  • Case studies based on industrial situations: products transfers, products formulations.

Properties of crude oil and petroleum products 2.75 days
  • Crude oils: main constituents, properties, initial fractionation into petroleum fractions.
  • Petroleum products
  • LPG, gasoline, jet fuel, automotive Diesel oil, heating oil, heavy fuel oils, bitumen.
  • Main specifications determined by end use, manufacturing constraints, storage and safety in product handling.
  • Changes in product quality.
  • Bases and alternative fuels: ETBE and RSME.
Manufacturing of petroleum products 1.25 days
  • Components: manufacturing scheme, simplified process diagrams of refineries and petrochemical units.
  • Finished products formulation
  • Main rules for blending the bases
  • Manufacturing finished products: economic aspects (give-away, added profit)
  • Manufacturing additives, blending of bases
  • On-line optimization manufacturing.
Transfer and transport of petroleum products 1.75 days
  • Transfer by gravity: characteristics of gravity flow.
  • Transfer by pumping
  • Performance of centrifugal pumps, simplified technology and adaptation to pumping circuits.
  • Operation of centrifugal pumps, start-up, shut-down, installation in series and parallel implementation.
  • Operation and simplified technology of volumetric pumps.
  • Operation of a transfer installation: practical and economic aspects, risks of vaporization, pressure surges, etc.
  • Transfer of crude oil and petroleum products by ship.
  • Application: study of transfer from one tank to another.
Storage of petroleum products 2.25 days
  • Storage equipment
  • Pressurized and refrigerated tanks, spheres, cylindrical tanks, cryogenic tanks, cavities, ancillary equipment: safety valves, hydraulic safety valves
  • Fixed roof tanks: different types, vents, justification and limits of vent valves
  • Floating screen tanks: special features, justification
  • Floating roof tanks: different types of roof and seals, supporting legs, rainwater drainage.
  • Protection against fire risks.
  • Tank operation
  • Operational safety: risks of inflammation, static electricity, pyrophoric substances, emulsions, overflowing, toxic products.
  • Heating. Mixing.
  • Measuring the quantities delivered, stored and shipped: manual and remote gauging, measuring the temperature locally and remotely, volumetric and dynamic meters, manual and automatic sampling.
  • Usual operation of storage tanks including emptying, degassing and making ready for use.