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Production of Base Chemicals & Commodity Polymers

5 days RPC/PETRO-E
Level
Discovery
Audience
  • Professionals, in the oil or petrochemical industry, interested in olefins, aromatics and polymers processes.
  • Specifically for engineers and technical staff who are beginners in this industry, as well as subcontractors, traders, etc.
Purpose
  • This course provides a technical information of the main processes used to produce olefins and aromatics along with a comprehensive information on polymers and polymerization processes & technologies available mainly in the polyolefins field.
Learning Objectives
  • Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:
  • list the sources and outlets of olefinic and aromatic compounds,
  • review the manufacturing processes in the petrochemical industry,
  • grasp the principles of polymerization techniques and the main characteristics of manufactured polymers.
Prerequisite
  • No prerequisites for this course.
Ways and means
  • Detailed course material.
  • Pictures of main equipment & samples.

MAIN INDUSTRIAL OLEFINIC & AROMATIC INTERMEDIARIES 0.25 day
  • Main production processes and main uses of:
  • Olefinic and diolefinic hydrocarbons: ethylene, propylene, butenes, butadiene.
  • Aromatics hydrocarbons: benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes.
STEAM CRACKING & TREATMENT OF THE CUTS PRODUCED 2 days
  • Steamcracking:
  • Implementation of cracking reactions: furnaces, quench systems, primary separation.
  • Yields, operating variables affecting the severity of treatment, influence of the feedstock nature.
  • Compression and purification of the cracked gases:
  • Implementation of compression.
  • H2S and CO2 removal by caustic washing.
  • Gas drying by adsorption.
  • Cooling: propylene and ethylene chilling cycles, cold box.
  • Separation and treatment of steam cracker effluents:
  • Steam cracker effluent separation train, main characteristics & purifications of the cuts: selective hydrogenations of acetylene from the C2 cut, of propyne and propadiene from the C3 cut, removal of carbon monoxide.
  • Treatments of the C4 cut: production of 1,3- butadiene, recovery of isobutene from raffinate, upgrading of 1- butene in raffinate 2, …
  • Upgrading of pyrolysis gasoline production of motor fuels, benzene and other aromatics recovery.
PRODUCTION OF AROMATICS 0.5 day
  • Analysis of the catalytic reforming process, implementation of the catalyst, yields, operating variables.
  • Associated processes: hydrodealkylation, isomerization, …
  • Treatment of cuts produced in those transformation processes:
  • Aromatics and non-aromatics separation processes: liquid-liquid extraction, extractive distillation.
  • Aromatics separation processes: distillation, adsorption, crystallization, application to paraxylene.
  • Aromatic complex arrangement. Highlighting of the aromatic loop.
CATALYTIC CRACKING FCC 0.5 day
  • Analysis of FCC process: Nature of the feed stock, implementation of the catalyst & principle of reactor & regenerator set.
  • Composition & treatment of cracked gases.
  • Modification of the process for maximization of light cuts C3 & C4 production.
POLYMER TYPES & NATURE 0.25 day
  • Polymer constitution: monomers, macromolecules, building blocks.
  • Various kinds of polymer: fibers, elastomers, plastics.
  • Plastic types: thermoplastics and thermosets.
POLYMER PRODUCTION - ASSOCIATED PROPERTIES 0.5 day
  • Type of reaction & basic characteristics of polymer reactions: polyaddition, polycondensation, heat of reaction, activation mode, etc.
  • Different arrangements of monomer building blocks in polyaddition: atactic, syndiotactic or isotactic polymers; random; block; graft polymers & others.
  • Relationship between end uses implementation and main polymer properties. Impact on properties.
  • Main tests used to get polymer characterization: melt index, viscosity index, etc. Test signification, relationship with polymer structure.
  • Consequences regarding polymer implementation techniques (extrusion, injection, etc.).
POLYMERIZATION IMPLEMENTATION -MAIN COMMODITY PLASTIC PROCESSES 0.75 day
  • Techniques implemented to produce polymers: solution, bulk emulsion, suspension, gas phase techniques.
  • Advantages and drawbacks of those different techniques consequences on processes implementation.
  • Examples applied to main processes used to manufacture major thermoplastics: polyethylenes (PE), polypropylenes (PP), polystyrenes (PS) and polyvinylchloride (PVC).
  • Flow charts and principles of processes. Some common and average operating conditions.
  • Influence of operating parameters (temperatures, pressures, monomers ratio and proportion of any chemicals involved in the reaction) regarding the quality of polymer obtained.
  • Some pretreatments of polymers outside the reactor before the transformation step.
2017 course calendar
Language Dates Location Tuition Register
Oct 22 - 26 Al Jubail €3,090 Online By email
Nov 07 - 10 Lyon €2,130 Online By email