5 days PROD/HYDRGB
- Engineers involved in designing, constructing or operating Oil & Gas production facilities.
- This course provides a practical understanding of pipeline hydraulics, flow simulation and pipe friction loss calculations.
- Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:
- assess friction losses in a pipeline and fittings for a single-phase flow,
- understand multiphase flow patterns and main perturbing factors,
- grasp multiphase flow hydrodynamics for wet gas streams and crude oil streams,
- understand operational constraints of single and multi-phase flow lines,
- deal with pipeline flow assurance issues,
- simulate a pipeline using the software program OLGA™.
- No prerequisites for this course.
Ways and means
- Highly interactive training by industry-specialist lecturers.
- Several applications and illustrations.
- Use of simulation software programs OLGA™ and Multiflash™.
Fundamentals of fluid mechanics friction losses in single-phase flow 1.5 days
- Total energy of a fluid. Bernoulli law.
- Real fluid flow: viscosity, friction coefficient.
- Flow regimes: laminar and turbulent (eddy) flows. Reynolds number.
- Calculation of friction loss through pipes: Moody chart, AFTP charts (Lefevre).
- Calculation of friction loss through fittings:
- Method 1: resistance coefficient.
- Method 2: equivalent straight pipe length.
- Case of compressible fluids (gas) - Main empirical equations.
- Several exercises.
Multi-phase flow in Oil & Gas production 0.5 day
- Incentives and stakes.
- Definition of multi-phase flow.
- Main terminology.
- Basic understanding of different modeling approaches.
- Historical methods to study steady-state two-phase flow.
- Example of multi-phase dynamic flow simulator OLGA™.
- Future with multi-phase flow modeling.
Flow assurance 1 day
- Main flow assurance issues.
- Flow stability: Flow pattern (horizontal and vertical) - Slugging.
- Erosion constraints, Wax, Hydrates.
- Heat transfer: main heat transfer phenomenon, OHTC, cold spot issue.
- Fluid modeling (example with Multiflash™).
- Phase envelope, hydrate dissociation curve, emulsion, viscosity.
Well gas streams 1 day
- Natural gas field development:
- “Dry” scheme versus “Wet” scheme.
- Main flow assurance issues (hydrates, TLC, surge liquid volume handling).
- “Wet” scheme simulations.
- Operating envelope.
- Geometry impacts.
- Example of slugcatcher design.
Crude oil streams 1 day
- Crude oil field development:
- Deep water constraints.
- Typical field preservation.
- Classical loops versus alternative development architectures.
- Subsea processing.
- Crude oil stream:
- Severe slugging.
- Hydrodynamic slug flow. Slug-catcher design.
- Thermal constraints during production/transient (cool down).