5 days APD/PP-E
- Engineers, managers and commercial or technical staff whose activities are related to the production, storage, purchasing, marketing or use of petroleum products.
- Also suitable for engineers and managers in the refining industry interested in improving their knowledge of petroleum products.
- This course provides a deeper knowledge of petroleum products' characteristics and understand their manufacturing scheme.
- Upon completion of the course, the participants will be able to:
- list the components of each petroleum product,
- grasp the main characteristics of petroleum products and their relevance for end-users,
- identify recent changes and future trends.
- No prerequisites for this course.
Ways and means
- Up-to-date information on commodities thanks to close contacts with industry and IFP Energies nouvelles experts.
WORLDWIDE MARKET - PRICE & COST MANAGEMENT 0.5 day
- World oil consumption: price variation, demand, production.
- Main petroleum products: worldwide demand, trading, consumption, prices and taxes.
ORIGIN & COMPOSITION OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS 0.5 day
- Composition and main characteristics of crude oils.
- Classification and characteristics of petroleum products.
- Principle of oil refining processes and of the formulation of commercial products: main properties of blending components, blending.
- Standard quality control tests: standards and testing organizations, test principles, accuracy of the methods, specifications.
PROPERTIES, CHARACTERISTICS & FORMULATION OF COMBUSTIBLE PRODUCTS 3.25 days
- For each major product (LPG, automotive gasoline, jet fuel, automotive diesel oil, heating oil and heavy fuel oils), the following aspects are developed:
- Market trends - Volatility characteristics - Combustion properties - Behavior at low temperature - Corrosiveness - air pollution: engine emission specifications - Storage stability - Manufacturing schemes - Main additives incorporated in the refinery - Performance additives added at the terminal.
- Manufacturing: in line blending, on line analyzers. Tank Quality Integration (TQI). Analyzer certification advantages.
- In addition, in view of current trends, emphasis is placed on the following issues:
- Automotive gasoline: octane numbers, catalytic converters, benzene and aromatic content, addition of oxygenated compounds, impact of the formulation on the engine emissions.
- Jet A1: market trend, caution to avoid impurities during transfers.
- Automotive Diesel Oil:
- problems raised by the high share of Diesel vehicles in the car pool,
- lack of lubricating power of Low sulfur ADO: injection pump protection; interest of agrofuels,
- consequences of Euro 6 standard: new post-treatment systems,
- impact of the specifications on the manufacturing schemes.
- Heating oil: problems related to the high cracked fuel content; differences of composition between ADO and HO.
- Heavy fuel oils: stability of visbroken fuels, environmental constraints: sulfur, particles, Nitrogen oxides and heavy metals emissions.
MAIN NON-ENERGY PRODUCTS 0.75 day
- The different types of bitumen: pure, polymer-modified, emulsions.
- The major standard tests: penetration, softening point, ageing. Introduction to rheological measurements used by the road builders.
- Lube base oils:
- Lube base oils manufacturing and composition of lubricants: base oils and additives.
- Properties and characteristics of base oils: viscosity index, cold properties, oxidation stability, …
- Waxes: a high value by-product.