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E-528C - LNG Processing Engineer Certification

60 days PROC/LNGENG
Audience
  • Engineers (particularly recently graduated engineers or engineers in conversion) interested in specialization in gas treatment and liquefied natural gas processing.
Purpose
  • This course provides in-depth technical knowledge of natural gas treatment and liquefaction facilities design and operation necessary to hold rapidly, and very effectively, the position of Process Engineer, Field Engineer or Technical Service Engineer.
Learning Objectives
  • Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:
  • explain the thermodynamics involved in natural gas treatment and liquefaction, especially cryogenic loops,
  • explain natural gas processing & liquefaction process,
  • analyze operating conditions and basic design of gas treatment and liquefaction plant,
  • describe the technology of static equipment and rotating machinery used in LNG plants,
  • identify the main risks related to gas treatment and liquefaction and efficiently contribute to safety engineering studies.
Prerequisite
  • Engineering degree or equivalent professional experience within the petroleum industry.
Ways and means
  • Highly interactive training with industry-specialist lecturers.
  • Multiple teamwork sessions and industrial case studies.
  • Practice on dynamic simulator.
  • Numerous process simulation exercises using HYSYSTM or PRO/II™ software*.

Thermodynamics applied to well effluent processing 5 days
  • Well effluent. Ideal gas and real fluid behavior
  • Gas compression and expansion
  • Liquid vapor equilibrium of pure components and mixtures. Mixture separation
  • HYSYS or PRO/II simulation: Phase envelope of well effluents, sales gas, LNG
  • Fundamentals of distillation
  • HYSYS or PRO/II simulation: propane cryogenic loop
Gas processing & conditioning 5 days
  • Commercial specifications for natural gas. Need for gas field processing
  • Gas hydrates & moisture content of natural gas
  • Dehydration process: TEG units and molecular sieves
  • Sweetening: amines, membranes
  • NGL recovery and fractionation
  • HYSIS or PRO/II simulation: associated gas and gas condensate sweetening, dehydration, NGL recovery and compression
Dynamic simulation of gas processing facilities 5 days
  • During this week, case study and exercises are performed using a DCS replica in order to allow the participants to understand process dynamics
  • Hydrates detection & inhibition in gathering network
  • Gas processing
  • Gas dehydration: impact of operating conditions
  • Multistage gas compression and export: study of operating parameters
Liquefied natural gas 5 days
  • The LNG chain
  • Specific properties of LNG
  • Liquefaction processes.Regazification processes
  • LNG storage, loading / offloading and transport
  • Technology of LNG-specific equipment
LNG process simulation 5 days
  • During this week, case study and exercises are performed using HYSYS™ or PRO/II™ software in order to allow the participants to design and optimize liquefaction processes
  • Gas field treatment: separators, dehydration, compression
  • NGL fractionation and stabilization
  • Simulation of a cascade liquefaction process, of a C3MR liquefaction process, of a turbo-expander based liquefaction process
  • Integration of the liquefaction processes with the NGL recovery / fractionation
  • Comparison of the efficiency of the processes versus load and conditions
Piping systems & process equipment: technology & sizing 5 days
  • Piping & valves
  • Metallurgy. Corrosion. Cathodic protection
  • Pressure relief systems. PSV’s and flare network
  • Storage equipment
  • Thermal equipment & cryogenic equipment
  • Pressure vessels: technology and selection criteria, internals, elements of calculation
Instrumentation, process control & schematization 5 days
  • Field instrumentation: sensors, transmitters, control valves, ON / OFF valves
  • Controllers; control loop structures
  • Study of controller parameters and control loop structures on dynamic simulator
  • Distributed Control System (DCS)
  • Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS): ESD, HIPS, Fire & Gas System
  • Process schematization: reading and drawing of Block Flow Diagrams (BFD), Process Flow Diagrams (PFD) and Piping & Instrumentation Diagrams (P&ID)
Pumps & compressors 5 days
  • Fundamentals of hydraulic circuits and gas compression
  • Operating principles, technology, selection criteria, performances and operating conditions of:
  • Centrifugal and volumetric pumps
  • Centrifugal and reciprocating compressors
Gas turbines – Electrical generation* 5 days
  • Gas turbines: equipment technology, operating conditions, performances, operation
  • Turbo-expander: technology, operation
  • Electrical power generation
  • Electrical power distribution network and equipment
LNG - Specific safety engineering 5 days
  • LNG specific hazards: stratification / roll-over, sloshing, LNG clouds ignition, asphyxiation risks, cryogenic liquids jets, piping behavior
  • LNG spillage control at design stage and in operation
  • LNG clouds control in operation
  • LNG fires control at design stage and in operation
  • Main safety engineering studies:
  • HAZID and HAZOP workflow and application
  • Plant layout case study
  • QRA - Consequence analysis methodology
HSE in operations & maintenance works 5 days
  • LNG plant operations
  • Risk in normal process operations
  • Risk assessment tools. Job safety analysis
  • Safe isolation of plant and equipment
  • HSE in maintenance & construction works. Permit to work system
  • Organizational framework. Human factors
Case study based on LNG plant P&IDs & jury 5 days
  • During this week, participants will work in team to analyze LNG plant P&ID’s and present the results of their analysis to a jury
  • This 5-day teamwork project is a real case study based on actual data. Participants are coached throughout the project to produce the required deliverables, which are to be presented on the last day (jury):
  • Process operating parameters, process control loops and of safety loops
  • Operating philosophy
  • Materials and equipment selection