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E-572 - Instrumentation, Process Control & Safety Instrumented Systems

5 days MAT/INST1GB
Level
Proficiency
Audience
  • Engineers and technicians involved in designing, constructing, commissioning or operating Oil & Gas surface production facilities.
Purpose
  • This course provides a comprehensive knowledge of process control and safety systems.
Learning Objectives
  • Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:
  • understand control loops and safety loops, as well as ICSS and associated equipment technologies,
  • comprehend technology and operating principles of instruments most commonly used in the Oil & Gas industry,
  • understand impact of PID controllers parameters on process control,
  • grasp main process control structures encountered in Oil & Gas surface processing,
  • draw the outline of a typical DCS architecture,
  • learn the functions of safety instrumented systems.
Prerequisite
  • No prerequisites for this course.
Ways and means
  • Highly interactive training by industry specialist lecturer.
  • Numerous applications and illustrations.
  • Process control practice on dynamic simulator.

PROCESS CONTROL OVERVIEW 0.5 day
  • Controlling and controlled system.
  • Controlled variable, manipulated variable, disturbance variable, actuators, set point, …
  • Control topology.
  • Functional analysis, functional locks, symbolization.
  • Pneumatic, electric and digital control loops.
  • Pneumatic and electric power supply, signal transmission, … and conversion.
MEASURING ELEMENT - SENSORS 0.5 day
  • Operating parameters measurement. Measurement errors.
  • Temperature, pressure, flow-rate, level measurement.
  • Operating principle, technology, measurement unit, local reading/transmission.
  • Safety instruments: limit switches, position sensors, temperature, pressure, flow-rate level detectors, …
SIGNAL TRANSMISSION - TRANSMITTERS 0.5 day
  • Pneumatic transmitters: transformation of force into a pneumatic signal and amplification, technology and transmitter tuning.
  • Operation of the sensor-transmitter combination.
  • Electric and electronic transmitters: operating principle.
  • Digital and programmable transmitters.
ACTUATORS - CONTROL VALVES 0.5 day
  • Linear displacement valves: technology, different plug types, characteristic curves, safety position: AO, AC, FC, FO, …
  • Positioners: operating principle, types (pneumatic, electro pneumatic, …).
  • Other types of control valves: simple and double seat valves, cage valves, “Camflex” type valves, three-way valves.
  • Contactors: position sensors, electro-valves.
  • ON/OFF valves: types, simple and double actuators.
CONTROLLERS - CONTROL STRUCTURES 0.5 day
  • Controllers: Role, operating principle, direct or inverted action, operating modes.
  • Behavior of PID type controllers: operating point, gain, interactions.
  • Control loops: simple, cascade, and split-range.
  • Ratio control, elaborated variable control, feed-forward control systems.
DISTRIBUTED CONTROL SYSTEM 0.5 day
  • Plant control philosophy, workstation, glossary.
  • Architecture:
  • Functional organization, equipment architecture.
  • Data allocation, communication network.
  • Safety/redundancy.
  • Interfaces (sensors - actuators - network - PLC - others).
  • Plant control: hardware, software, types and organization of views.
  • Alarms, historian.
PID CONTROLLERS 1 day
  • PID tuning: process and control loop response.
  • Robustness, rapidity, accuracy.
  • Regulation (fixed set point) and closed-loop control (variable set point).
  • Proportional, integral, derivative controller characteristic.
  • Applications on dynamic simulator.
SAFETY INSTRUMENTED SYSTEMS (SIS) 1 day
  • Safety loop.
  • Safety function, Safety Integrity Level.
  • High Integrity Protection Systems (HIPS), Emergency ShutDown (ESD), Fire and gas (F&G), Emergency Depressurization (EDP).