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E-574 - Instrumentation Maintenance

5 days MAT/INSTMAINTGB
Level
Proficiency
Audience
  • Engineers and technicians involved in hook-up and control of instrumented systems enforced in the Oil & Gas industry.
Purpose
  • This course provides a comprehensive knowledge for the control and maintenance of instrumented systems enforced in production facilities.
Learning Objectives
  • Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:
  • understand the importance of measurements quality, calibration methods and associated preventive actions,
  • optimize process control loop – PID controllers,
  • know the typical architecture of a DCS‑I/O interfaces, communication protocols,
  • describe process safety systems and fire and gas detection systems,
  • master instrument calibration procedures, process control and safety loops synchronization.
Prerequisite
  • No prerequisites for this course.
Ways and means
  • Highly interactive training by industry specialist lecturers.
  • Process control practice on dynamic simulator.
  • Numerous applications and illustrations on calibration, process control and safety instrumented systems.

PROCESS INSTRUMENTATION 1.25 days
  • Field instrumentation refresher: 4-20 mA standard and HART instruments, digital instruments.
  • Instruments scales and calibration methods.
  • Introduction to control valves calculation.
  • Calibrated orifice calculation according to ISO 5167 standard, approach for measurement error calculation.
  • Flowrate calculation corrected for pressure and temperature.
  • Instrument cables and junction boxes definition.
  • Introduction to on-site industrial analyzers.
PROCESS CONTROL 1.25 days
  • Oil & gas surface processes identification.
  • PID controllers study: series, parallel and mix structures. Impact of controller parameters on process control. Controllers tuning.
  • Study and adjustment of control loops: simple closed loop, cascade, split-range, ratio.
  • Applications on dynamic simulator: case of a well/separator process section.
AUTOMATION OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES 0.5 day
  • Distributed Control System (DCS) architecture
  • Equipment architecture: controller, input/output cards, software architecture.
  • Man - machine interface: views management (mimics, alarms, historian, trends), plant control strategy (overview, tree structure) and functionalities of the various types of views.
  • Alarm management: alarm types, hierarchy, processing.
  • DCS simulator: man - machine interface analysis. Case study.
  • DCS and PLC implementation projects
  • Approach to quantification and allocation of system input/output.
  • Notion of system life cycle and integrity (IEC 61508)/implementation of SIL.
  • Study of a DCS or PLC implementation project: engineering documents (functional analysis).
  • Project phases: Factory Acceptance Test (FAT), Site Acceptance Test (SAT) and commissioning.
SAFETY INSTRUMENTED SYSTEM 1 day
  • Refresher on Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS): PSS, ESD, HIPPS, EDP.
  • Impact on HAZID and HAZOP studies on design.
  • Definition and implementation of Safety Integrated Levels (SIL) on instruments loops: Oil & Gas companies approach to IEC 61508 and 61511 standards. Application exercises.
  • Applications on dynamic simulator: implementation of PSS and ESD systems - Case of a (well - separator) process section.
MAINTENANCE & CALIBRATION STANDARDS 1 day
  • Calibration standards.
  • Main procedures. Synchronization application and calibrations (measures, control loop and control valves, ON/OFF valves, fire and gas sensors).