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Heavy Cuts Processing

5 days RAF/REF2
  • Engineers and supervisors interested or involved in the processing of heavy cuts.
  • To provide comprehensive knowledge of refining processes available to upgrade heavy cuts into lighter ones.
Learning Objectives
  • To understand differences between refining conversion processes with regard to planning, operations and investment issues.
  • To analyze the operating parameters of these conversion processes.
  • To acquire the basics for operating cracking units.
  • To be updated on the latest developments in heavy cuts processing.
Ways and means
  • Case studies based on real industrial situations.

Overview of conversion processes 0.25 day
  • Origins and characteristics of conversion unit feeds.
  • Different types of conversion processes (principles, performance, operating ranges, economics): thermal cracking processes, catalytic cracking without hydrogen, catalytic cracking with hydrogen.
Thermal conversion processes 1.25 days
  • Visbreaking and effects on quantity and stability of heavy fuel oils.
  • Delayed coking: process characteristics, process flow diagram, purification of the light products with hydrogen and end destination.
  • Management of coke drum switch and main steps of the decoking procedure, coke handling.
  • Flexicoking and fluid coker: principle, integration in the refinery and power generation schemes.
Catalytic cracking 1.5 days
  • Main fluid catalytic cracking processes.
  • Catcracking feed characteristics.
  • Mechanisms of catalytic cracking reactions and mode of action of FCC catalysts.
  • Yields and characteristics of FCC effluents with overview of purification treatments: propylene recovery, alkylation, ETBE and gasoline pool, LCO hydrotreatment.
  • Analysis of FCC operating balances.
  • Summary of operating parameters in the reaction section and in the regenerator.
  • FCC modifications to treat residues (R2R, HOC, etc.), to maximize light cuts C3 & C4 production or the cracked gasoil (LCO). Presentation of different process schemes.
Distillate hydrocracking 1.25 days
  • Different reactions of the hydrocracking process.
  • Catalysts: hydrotreating and hydrocracking; poisons and regeneration.
  • Hydrocracking processes: different types, process flow diagram, operating conditions.
  • Analysis of hydrocracking operating: parameters, hydrogen balance, sulfur balance.
  • Associated unit: hydrogen production, sulfur recovery.
  • Product yields and quality utilizations.
Residue processing 0.5 day
  • Overview of existing processes to upgrade vacuum residues: hydrotreatment, hydroconversion.
  • Associated units.
  • Refinery configurations with deasphalter.
Lube base stocks manufacture 0.25 day
  • Classification and required properties of base oils.
  • Main lube base stocks manufacturing schemes: vacuum distillation unit, deasphalting, extraction, dewaxing, hydrofinishing.
  • Comparison between base oil conventional and unconventional refining processes.
  • Other products: white oils, paraffins, waxes.
2016 course calendar
Language Dates Location Tuition Register
Sep 26 - 30 Rueil €2,460 Online By email