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E-544 - Gas Treatment & Compression

  • Any person wishing to improve its technical and operational knowledge on gas treatment and transportation
  • Particularly operating personnel (from operator to engineer) requiring a better understanding of the issues related to Natural gas processing and transportation
  • To provide technical and operational knowledge related to Natural Gas treatment and transportation
Learning Objectives
  • To understand the basic concepts and operational principle related to gas processing
  • To know the specification in terms of water content of gas and issues related to the presence of water in this gas
  • To analyze the operating conditions to detect problems more quickly at the production level
  • To improve the existing process performances
  • To understand the operation and the detailed equipment technology of compressors (reciprocating and centrifugal) used for gas compression
  • To analyze the operating parameters associated to those rotating machines and their auxiliary circuits
  • To operate compressors properly
Ways and means
  • Highly interactive training by industry specialist lecturers
  • Feedback, cases studies and illustration (possibility to adapt according client assets specificities)

Vapor liquid equilibrium, elements of distillation and absorption 0.5 day
  • Phase envelopes
  • Well effluents behavior from pay zone to surface processing facilities
  • Techniques applied to mixture separation: flash process, distillation process
  • Absorption and stripping phenomena
Specifications & water content of gas - Hydrates 0.5 day
  • Constituents raising problems for storage, transport, or end use of natural gas
  • Different specifications and quality requirements for natural gas
  • Necessary treatments to conform these specifications
  • System behavior - Moisture content of a saturated gas
  • Applications:
  • Moisture content of different gases of various compositions
  • Hydrate formation inhibition by injection of inhibitors: MeOH, MEG, DEG, LDHI, …
Gas dehydration: TEG absorption, molecular sieves 0.75 day
  • Gas dehydration process: conventional TEG process
  • Case study of gas processing operations: TEG Process troubleshooting
  • Gas dehydration by physical adsorption (molecular sieves): technologies, performances and operating principles
Gas treatment (if applicable): sweetening, condensate extraction & fractionation 0.75 day
  • Overview of the techniques dedicated to gas sweetening
  • Chemical solvent processes - Amine units (MEA, DEA, DGA, MDEA, …)
  • Physical solvent processes
  • Hybrid (physico-chemical) solvent processes
  • Overview of other techniques
  • Conversion of H2S: sulfur production (CLAUS process) and tail gas processing
  • Natural Gas Liquids (NGL) extraction (removal of heavy components)
  • Low Temperature Separation Processes (LTS)
  • External refrigeration loop
  • Joule-Thomson expansion
  • Turbo-Expander
  • NGL Fractionation Schemes (C2/LPG/C5+ recovery)
Technology and operation of centrifugal and reciprocating compressors 1 day
  • Operating principle, flowrate tuning
  • Technology: constitutive elements and their function
  • Circuits auxiliaries: lubrication, sealing system, cooling, safety systems
  • Compressors operation: routine surveillance, transient conditions
Compressor operation (case studies) 0.75 day
  • Start-up, shutdown and on-line monitoring
Feedback and case studies – Troubleshooting specific to client assets 0.75 day
  • Tailored workshops as per client requirements