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E-566 - Gas Processing & Compression Operations

5 days FOPS/GASCHAINGB
Level
Proficiency
Audience
  • Any person wishing to improve its technical and operational knowledge on gas treatment and transportation.
  • Particularly operating personnel (from operator to engineer) requiring a better understanding of the issues related to natural gas processing and transportation.
Purpose
  • Provide technical and operational knowledge related to natural gas treatment and transportation.
Learning Objectives
  • Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:
  • understand the basic concepts and operational principle related to gas processing,
  • know the specification in terms of water content of gas and issues related to the presence of water in this gas,
  • analyze the operating conditions to detect problems more quickly at the production level,
  • improve the existing processes performances,
  • understand the operation and the detailed equipment technology of compressors (reciprocating and centrifugal) used for gas compression,
  • analyze the operating parameters associated to those rotating machines and their auxiliary circuits,
  • operate compressors properly.
Prerequisite
  • No prerequisites for this course.
Ways and means
  • Highly interactive training by industry specialist lecturers.
  • Feedback, cases studies and illustration (possibility to adapt according client assets specificities).

Vapor liquid equilibrium, elements of distillation & absorption 0.5 day
  • Phase envelopes.
  • Well effluents behavior from pay zone to surface processing facilities.
  • Techniques applied to mixture separation: flash process, distillation process.
  • Absorption and stripping phenomena.
Specifications & water content of gas - Hydrates 0.5 day
  • Constituents raising problems for storage, transport or end use of natural gas.
  • Different specifications and quality requirements for natural gas.
  • Necessary treatments to conform these specifications.
  • System behavior. Moisture content of a saturated gas.
  • Applications:
  • Moisture content of different gases of various compositions.
  • Hydrate formation inhibition by injection of inhibitors: MeOH, MEG, DEG, LDHI, …
Gas dehydration: TEG absorption, molecular sieves 0.75 day
  • Gas dehydration process: conventional TEG process.
  • Case study of gas processing operations: TEG Process troubleshooting.
  • Gas dehydration by physical adsorption (molecular sieves): technologies, performances and operating principles.
Gas treatment (if applicable): sweetening, condensate extraction & fractionation 0.75 day
  • Overview of the techniques dedicated to gas sweetening:
  • Chemical solvent processes - Amine units (MEA, DEA, DGA, MDEA, …).
  • Physical solvent processes.
  • Hybrid (physico-chemical) solvent processes.
  • Overview of other techniques.
  • Conversion of H2S: sulfur production (CLAUS process) and tail gas processing.
  • Natural Gas Liquids (NGL) extraction (removal of heavy components).
  • Low Temperature Separation Processes (LTS):
  • External refrigeration loop.
  • Joule-Thomson expansion.
  • Turbo-Expander.
  • NGL Fractionation Schemes (C2/LPG/C5+ recovery).
Technology & operation of centrifugal & reciprocating compressors 1 day
  • Operating principle, flowrate tuning.
  • Technology: constitutive elements and their function.
  • Circuits auxiliaries: lubrication, sealing system, cooling, safety systems.
  • Compressors operation: routine surveillance, transient conditions.
Compressors operation (case studies) 0.75 day
  • Start-up, shutdown and on-line monitoring.
Feedback & case studies - Troubleshooting specific to client assets 0.75 day
  • Tailored workshops as per client requirements.