3 days EMT/COGENE-E
- Graduate engineers and technicians whose activities are related to the design and/or operation of such installations: engineers and technicians from engineering companies, technical support for operations, operation personnel (shift operators, panel operators, site operators), HSE specialists, personnel from insurance companies, etc.
- To provide comprehensive and applied knowledge of cogeneration units in existing plants or new projects.
- To describe the process conditions related to the combined production of thermal and mechanical energy.
- To assess and follow up on the performance of the different equipment of a cogeneration unit.
- To analyze the operating conditions of a cogeneration cycle.
Ways and means
- Several practical applications related to actual industrial cases.
Cogeneration: different cycles 0.5 day
- Operating principle of cogeneration and combined cycles - Typical schemes.
- Main parts of the different cycles:
- boiler, steam turbine (back-pressure or condensation)
- gas turbine, waste heat recovery boiler
- Mechanical and thermal energy split.
Cogeneration: production of steam 0.75 day
- Boiler Feed Water (BFW) preparation: required quality for BFW, description of the physical and chemical required treatments.
- Description of conventional boilers and waste heat boilers: water circuit, steam circuit, fuel circuits.
- Operating conditions – Fuel consumption per ton of produced steam, depending on boiler type and operating conditions.
- Main process control loops: boiler feed water, pressure and temperature of produced steam, combustion, flue gas circulation draft.
- Combustion monitoring, analyzers, aim and meaning of each measured parameter.
- Safety devices.
Cogeneration: steam end-uses 0.75 day
- Steam as a heating medium and mechanical driving fluid.
- Steam pressure level requirements, depending on the end-use. Steam network balancing.
- Steam as a heating medium: conditions for its distribution and efficient utilization.
- Steam turbines: operating principle, expansion work and efficiency, and produced energy.
- Static expansion: expanded steam characteristics, steam de-superheating.
Cogeneration: gas turbines and waste heat recovery 1 day
- Operating principle - Operating conditions.
- Energy balance and energy performances of each elementary operation: compression, combustion and expansion. Energy performances and efficiency.
- Efficiency enhancement, by heat recovery from exhaust gases (air preheater, waste heat recovery boiler).
- Different operating modes (simple waste heat recovery, post-combustion, separate boiler) and performances.